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从渲染进程打开窗口

有几种方法可以控制从信任或在渲染器内创建窗口的方式。 可以通过两种方式从渲染进程创建窗口:

  • 如果属性中包含 target=_blank,单击链接或提交表格即可创建
  • 在 JavaScript 中调用 window.open()

For same-origin content, the new window is created within the same process, enabling the parent to access the child window directly. This can be very useful for app sub-windows that act as preference panels, or similar, as the parent can render to the sub-window directly, as if it were a div in the parent. This is the same behavior as in the browser.

When nativeWindowOpen is set to false, window.open instead results in the creation of a BrowserWindowProxy, a light wrapper around BrowserWindow.

Electron pairs this native Chrome Window with a BrowserWindow under the hood. You can take advantage of all the customization available when creating a BrowserWindow in the main process by using webContents.setWindowOpenHandler() for renderer-created windows.

BrowserWindow constructor options are set by, in increasing precedence order: parsed options from the features string from window.open(), security-related webPreferences inherited from the parent, and options given by webContents.setWindowOpenHandler. Note that webContents.setWindowOpenHandler has final say and full privilege because it is invoked in the main process.

window.open(url[, frameName][, features])

  • url String
  • frameName String(可选)
  • features String(可选)

Returns BrowserWindowProxy | Window

features is a comma-separated key-value list, following the standard format of the browser. Electron will parse BrowserWindowConstructorOptions out of this list where possible, for convenience. For full control and better ergonomics, consider using webContents.setWindowOpenHandler to customize the BrowserWindow creation.

A subset of WebPreferences can be set directly, unnested, from the features string: zoomFactor, nodeIntegration, preload, javascript, contextIsolation, and webviewTag.

例如:

window.open('https://github.com', '_blank', 'top=500,left=200,frame=false,nodeIntegration=no')

说明:

  • 如果在父窗口中禁用了 Node integration, 则在打开的 window 中将始终被禁用。
  • 如果在父窗口中启用了上下文隔离, 则在打开的 window 中将始终被启用。
  • 父窗口禁用 Javascript,打开的 window 中将被始终禁用
  • Non-standard features (that are not handled by Chromium or Electron) given in features will be passed to any registered webContents's did-create-window event handler in the options argument.
  • frameName follows the specification of windowName located in the native documentation.

To customize or cancel the creation of the window, you can optionally set an override handler with webContents.setWindowOpenHandler() from the main process. Returning { action: 'deny' } cancels the window. Returning { action: 'allow', overrideBrowserWindowOptions: { ... } } will allow opening the window and setting the BrowserWindowConstructorOptions to be used when creating the window. Note that this is more powerful than passing options through the feature string, as the renderer has more limited privileges in deciding security preferences than the main process.

Native Window example

// main.js
const mainWindow = new BrowserWindow()

// In this example, only windows with the `about:blank` url will be created.
// All other urls will be blocked.
mainWindow.webContents.setWindowOpenHandler(({ url }) => {
if (url === 'about:blank') {
return {
action: 'allow',
overrideBrowserWindowOptions: {
frame: false,
fullscreenable: false,
backgroundColor: 'black',
webPreferences: {
preload: 'my-child-window-preload-script.js'
}
}
}
}
return { action: 'deny' }
})
// renderer process (mainWindow)
const childWindow = window.open('', 'modal')
childWindow.document.write('<h1>Hello</h1>')

BrowserWindowProxy example


// main.js
const mainWindow = new BrowserWindow({
webPreferences: { nativeWindowOpen: false }
})

mainWindow.webContents.setWindowOpenHandler(({ url }) => {
if (url.startsWith('https://github.com/')) {
return { action: 'allow' }
}
return { action: 'deny' }
})

mainWindow.webContents.on('did-create-window', (childWindow) => {
// For example...
childWindow.webContents.on('will-navigate', (e) => {
e.preventDefault()
})
})
// renderer.js
const windowProxy = window.open('https://github.com/', null, 'minimizable=false')
windowProxy.postMessage('hi', '*')