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Нативное перемещение файла


Некоторым приложениям может понадобиться поддержка реализованной в операционной системе функции перетаскивания файлов. Перетаскивание файлов в веб-контент поддерживается большинством веб-сайтов. Electron дополнительно поддерживает перетаскивание файлов и содержимого приложения в операционную систему.

To implement this feature in your app, you need to call the webContents.startDrag(item) API in response to the ondragstart event.


An example demonstrating how you can create a file on the fly to be dragged out of the window.


In preload.js use the contextBridge to inject a method window.electron.startDrag(...) that will send an IPC message to the main process.

const { contextBridge, ipcRenderer } = require('electron')
const path = require('node:path')

contextBridge.exposeInMainWorld('electron', {
startDrag: (fileName) => {
ipcRenderer.send('ondragstart', path.join(process.cwd(), fileName))


Add a draggable element to index.html, and reference your renderer script:

<div style="border:2px solid black;border-radius:3px;padding:5px;display:inline-block" draggable="true" id="drag">Drag me</div>
<script src="renderer.js"></script>


In renderer.js set up the renderer process to handle drag events by calling the method you added via the contextBridge above.

document.getElementById('drag').ondragstart = (event) => {


In the Main process (main.js file), expand the received event with a path to the file that is being dragged and an icon:

const { app, BrowserWindow, ipcMain } = require('electron/main')
const path = require('node:path')
const fs = require('node:fs')
const https = require('node:https')

function createWindow () {
const win = new BrowserWindow({
width: 800,
height: 600,
webPreferences: {
preload: path.join(__dirname, 'preload.js')


const iconName = path.join(__dirname, 'iconForDragAndDrop.png')
const icon = fs.createWriteStream(iconName)

// Create a new file to copy - you can also copy existing files.
fs.writeFileSync(path.join(__dirname, 'drag-and-drop-1.md'), '# First file to test drag and drop')
fs.writeFileSync(path.join(__dirname, 'drag-and-drop-2.md'), '# Second file to test drag and drop')

https.get('https://img.icons8.com/ios/452/drag-and-drop.png', (response) => {


ipcMain.on('ondragstart', (event, filePath) => {
file: path.join(__dirname, filePath),
icon: iconName

app.on('window-all-closed', () => {
if (process.platform !== 'darwin') {

app.on('activate', () => {
if (BrowserWindow.getAllWindows().length === 0) {

After launching the Electron application, try dragging and dropping the item from the BrowserWindow onto your desktop. In this guide, the item is a Markdown file located in the root of the project:

Drag and drop