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Breaking Changes

Breaking changes will be documented here, and deprecation warnings added to JS code where possible, at least one major version before the change is made.

Types of Breaking Changes

This document uses the following convention to categorize breaking changes:

  • API Changed: An API was changed in such a way that code that has not been updated is guaranteed to throw an exception.
  • Behavior Changed: The behavior of Electron has changed, but not in such a way that an exception will necessarily be thrown.
  • Default Changed: Code depending on the old default may break, not necessarily throwing an exception. The old behavior can be restored by explicitly specifying the value.
  • Deprecated: An API was marked as deprecated. The API will continue to function, but will emit a deprecation warning, and will be removed in a future release.
  • Removed: An API or feature was removed, and is no longer supported by Electron.

Alterações planejadas na API (17.0)

Removed: desktopCapturer.getSources in the renderer

The desktopCapturer.getSources API is now only available in the main process. This has been changed in order to improve the default security of Electron apps.

If you need this functionality, it can be replaced as follows:

// Main process
const { ipcMain, desktopCapturer } = require('electron')

ipcMain.handle(
'DESKTOP_CAPTURER_GET_SOURCES',
(event, opts) => desktopCapturer.getSources(opts)
)
// Renderer process
const { ipcRenderer } = require('electron')

const desktopCapturer = {
getSources: (opts) => ipcRenderer.invoke('DESKTOP_CAPTURER_GET_SOURCES', opts)
}

However, you should consider further restricting the information returned to the renderer; for instance, displaying a source selector to the user and only returning the selected source.

Alterações planejadas na API (16.0)

Behavior Changed: crashReporter implementation switched to Crashpad on Linux

The underlying implementation of the crashReporter API on Linux has changed from Breakpad to Crashpad, bringing it in line with Windows and Mac. As a result of this, child processes are now automatically monitored, and calling process.crashReporter.start in Node child processes is no longer needed (and is not advisable, as it will start a second instance of the Crashpad reporter).

There are also some subtle changes to how annotations will be reported on Linux, including that long values will no longer be split between annotations appended with __1, __2 and so on, and instead will be truncated at the (new, longer) annotation value limit.

Deprecated: desktopCapturer.getSources in the renderer

Usage of the desktopCapturer.getSources API in the renderer has been deprecated and will be removed. This change improves the default security of Electron apps.

See here for details on how to replace this API in your app.

Alterações planejadas na API (15.0)

Default Changed: nativeWindowOpen defaults to true

Prior to Electron 15, window.open was by default shimmed to use BrowserWindowProxy. This meant that window.open('about:blank') did not work to open synchronously scriptable child windows, among other incompatibilities. nativeWindowOpen is no longer experimental, and is now the default.

See the documentation for window.open in Electron for more details.

Alterações planejadas na API (14.0)

Removed: remote module

The remote module was deprecated in Electron 12, and will be removed in Electron 14. It is replaced by the @electron/remote module.

// Deprecated in Electron 12:
const { BrowserWindow } = require('electron').remote
// Replace with:
const { BrowserWindow } = require('@electron/remote')

// In the main process:
require('@electron/remote/main').initialize()

Removido: app.allowRendererProcessReuse

The app.allowRendererProcessReuse property will be removed as part of our plan to more closely align with Chromium's process model for security, performance and maintainability.

For more detailed information see #18397.

Removed: Browser Window Affinity

The affinity option when constructing a new BrowserWindow will be removed as part of our plan to more closely align with Chromium's process model for security, performance and maintainability.

For more detailed information see #18397.

API Changed: window.open()

The optional parameter frameName will no longer set the title of the window. This now follows the specification described by the native documentation under the corresponding parameter windowName.

If you were using this parameter to set the title of a window, you can instead use win.setTitle(title).

Removido: worldSafeExecuteJavaScript

No Electron 14, worldSafeExecuteJavaScript será removido. There is no alternative, please ensure your code works with this property enabled. It has been enabled by default since Electron 12.

You will be affected by this change if you use either webFrame.executeJavaScript or webFrame.executeJavaScriptInIsolatedWorld. You will need to ensure that values returned by either of those methods are supported by the Context Bridge API as these methods use the same value passing semantics.

Removed: BrowserWindowConstructorOptions inheriting from parent windows

Prior to Electron 14, windows opened with window.open would inherit BrowserWindow constructor options such as transparent and resizable from their parent window. Beginning with Electron 14, this behavior is removed, and windows will not inherit any BrowserWindow constructor options from their parents.

Instead, explicitly set options for the new window with setWindowOpenHandler:

webContents.setWindowOpenHandler((details) => {
return {
action: 'allow',
overrideBrowserWindowOptions: {
// ...
}
}
})

Removido: additionalFeatures

The deprecated additionalFeatures property in the new-window and did-create-window events of WebContents has been removed. Since new-window uses positional arguments, the argument is still present, but will always be the empty array []. (Though note, the new-window event itself is deprecated, and is replaced by setWindowOpenHandler.) Bare keys in window features will now present as keys with the value true in the options object.

// Removed in Electron 14
// Triggered by window.open('...', '', 'my-key')
webContents.on('did-create-window', (window, details) => {
if (details.additionalFeatures.includes('my-key')) {
// ...
}
})

// Replace with
webContents.on('did-create-window', (window, details) => {
if (details.options['my-key']) {
// ...
}
})

Alterações planejadas na API (13.0)

API Changed: session.setPermissionCheckHandler(handler)

The handler methods first parameter was previously always a webContents, it can now sometimes be null. You should use the requestingOrigin, embeddingOrigin and securityOrigin properties to respond to the permission check correctly. As the webContents can be null it can no longer be relied on.

// Old code
session.setPermissionCheckHandler((webContents, permission) => {
if (webContents.getURL().startsWith('https://google.com/') && permission === 'notification') {
return true
}
return false
})

// Replace with
session.setPermissionCheckHandler((webContents, permission, requestingOrigin) => {
if (new URL(requestingOrigin).hostname === 'google.com' && permission === 'notification') {
return true
}
return false
})

Removido: shell.moveItemToTrash()

The deprecated synchronous shell.moveItemToTrash() API has been removed. Use the asynchronous shell.trashItem() instead.

// Removed in Electron 13
shell.moveItemToTrash(path)
// Replace with
shell.trashItem(path).then(/* ... */)

Removed: BrowserWindow extension APIs

The deprecated extension APIs have been removed:

  • BrowserWindow.addExtension(path)
  • BrowserWindow.addDevToolsExtension(path)
  • BrowserWindow.removeExtension(name)
  • BrowserWindow.removeDevToolsExtension(name)
  • BrowserWindow.getExtensions()
  • BrowserWindow.getDevToolsExtensions()

Use the session APIs instead:

  • ses.loadExtension(path)
  • ses.removeExtension(extension_id)
  • ses.getAllExtensions()
// Removed in Electron 13
BrowserWindow.addExtension(path)
BrowserWindow.addDevToolsExtension(path)
// Replace with
session.defaultSession.loadExtension(path)
// Removed in Electron 13
BrowserWindow.removeExtension(name)
BrowserWindow.removeDevToolsExtension(name)
// Replace with
session.defaultSession.removeExtension(extension_id)
// Removed in Electron 13
BrowserWindow.getExtensions()
BrowserWindow.getDevToolsExtensions()
// Replace with
session.defaultSession.getAllExtensions()

Removed: methods in systemPreferences

The following systemPreferences methods have been deprecated:

  • systemPreferences.isDarkMode()
  • systemPreferences.isInvertedColorScheme()
  • systemPreferences.isHighContrastColorScheme()

Use the following nativeTheme properties instead:

  • nativeTheme.shouldUseDarkColors
  • nativeTheme.shouldUseInvertedColorScheme
  • nativeTheme.shouldUseHighContrastColors
// Removed in Electron 13
systemPreferences.isDarkMode()
// Replace with
nativeTheme.shouldUseDarkColors

// Removed in Electron 13
systemPreferences.isInvertedColorScheme()
// Replace with
nativeTheme.shouldUseInvertedColorScheme

// Removed in Electron 13
systemPreferences.isHighContrastColorScheme()
// Replace with
nativeTheme.shouldUseHighContrastColors

Deprecated: WebContents new-window event

The new-window event of WebContents has been deprecated. It is replaced by webContents.setWindowOpenHandler().

// Deprecated in Electron 13
webContents.on('new-window', (event) => {
event.preventDefault()
})

// Replace with
webContents.setWindowOpenHandler((details) => {
return { action: 'deny' }
})

Alterações planejadas na API (12.0)

Removed: Pepper Flash support

Chromium has removed support for Flash, and so we must follow suit. See Chromium's Flash Roadmap for more details.

Default Changed: worldSafeExecuteJavaScript defaults to true

In Electron 12, worldSafeExecuteJavaScript will be enabled by default. To restore the previous behavior, worldSafeExecuteJavaScript: false must be specified in WebPreferences. Please note that setting this option to false is insecure.

This option will be removed in Electron 14 so please migrate your code to support the default value.

Default Changed: contextIsolation defaults to true

In Electron 12, contextIsolation will be enabled by default. To restore the previous behavior, contextIsolation: false must be specified in WebPreferences.

We recommend having contextIsolation enabled for the security of your application.

Another implication is that require() cannot be used in the renderer process unless nodeIntegration is true and contextIsolation is false.

For more details see: https://github.com/electron/electron/issues/23506

Removido: crashReporter.getCrashesDirectory()

O método crashReporter.getCrashesDirectory foi removido. Usage should be replaced by app.getPath('crashDumps').

// Removido no Electron 12
crashReporter.getCrashesDirectory()
// Substitua por
app.getPath('crashDumps')

Removed: crashReporter methods in the renderer process

The following crashReporter methods are no longer available in the renderer process:

  • crashReporter.start
  • crashReporter.getLastCrashReport
  • crashReporter.getUploadedReports
  • crashReporter.getUploadToServer
  • crashReporter.setUploadToServer
  • crashReporter.getCrashesDirectory

They should be called only from the main process.

See #23265 for more details.

Default Changed: crashReporter.start({ compress: true })

The default value of the compress option to crashReporter.start has changed from false to true. This means that crash dumps will be uploaded to the crash ingestion server with the Content-Encoding: gzip header, and the body will be compressed.

If your crash ingestion server does not support compressed payloads, you can turn off compression by specifying { compress: false } in the crash reporter options.

Deprecated: remote module

The remote module is deprecated in Electron 12, and will be removed in Electron 14. It is replaced by the @electron/remote module.

// Deprecated in Electron 12:
const { BrowserWindow } = require('electron').remote
// Replace with:
const { BrowserWindow } = require('@electron/remote')

// In the main process:
require('@electron/remote/main').initialize()

Deprecated: shell.moveItemToTrash()

The synchronous shell.moveItemToTrash() has been replaced by the new, asynchronous shell.trashItem().

// Descontinuado no Electron 12
shell.moveItemToTrash(path)
// Substitua por
shell.trashItem(path).then(/* ... */)

Alterações planejadas na API (11.0)

Removed: BrowserView.{destroy, fromId, fromWebContents, getAllViews} and id property of BrowserView

The experimental APIs BrowserView.{destroy, fromId, fromWebContents, getAllViews} have now been removed. Additionally, the id property of BrowserView has also been removed.

For more detailed information, see #23578.

Alterações planejadas na API (10.0)

Deprecated: companyName argument to crashReporter.start()

The companyName argument to crashReporter.start(), which was previously required, is now optional, and further, is deprecated. To get the same behavior in a non-deprecated way, you can pass a companyName value in globalExtra.

// Deprecated in Electron 10
crashReporter.start({ companyName: 'Umbrella Corporation' })
// Replace with
crashReporter.start({ globalExtra: { _companyName: 'Umbrella Corporation' } })

Deprecated: crashReporter.getCrashesDirectory()

The crashReporter.getCrashesDirectory method has been deprecated. Usage should be replaced by app.getPath('crashDumps').

// Deprecated in Electron 10
crashReporter.getCrashesDirectory()
// Replace with
app.getPath('crashDumps')

Deprecated: crashReporter methods in the renderer process

Calling the following crashReporter methods from the renderer process is deprecated:

  • crashReporter.start
  • crashReporter.getLastCrashReport
  • crashReporter.getUploadedReports
  • crashReporter.getUploadToServer
  • crashReporter.setUploadToServer
  • crashReporter.getCrashesDirectory

The only non-deprecated methods remaining in the crashReporter module in the renderer are addExtraParameter, removeExtraParameter and getParameters.

All above methods remain non-deprecated when called from the main process.

See #23265 for more details.

Deprecated: crashReporter.start({ compress: false })

Setting { compress: false } in crashReporter.start is deprecated. Nearly all crash ingestion servers support gzip compression. This option will be removed in a future version of Electron.

Default Changed: enableRemoteModule defaults to false

In Electron 9, using the remote module without explicitly enabling it via the enableRemoteModule WebPreferences option began emitting a warning. In Electron 10, the remote module is now disabled by default. To use the remote module, enableRemoteModule: true must be specified in WebPreferences:

const w = new BrowserWindow({
webPreferences: {
enableRemoteModule: true
}
})

We recommend moving away from the remote module.

protocol.unregisterProtocol

protocol.uninterceptProtocol

The APIs are now synchronous and the optional callback is no longer needed.

// Deprecated
protocol.unregisterProtocol(scheme, () => { /* ... */ })
// Replace with
protocol.unregisterProtocol(scheme)

protocol.registerFileProtocol

protocol.registerBufferProtocol

protocol.registerStringProtocol

protocol.registerHttpProtocol

protocol.registerStreamProtocol

protocol.interceptFileProtocol

protocol.interceptStringProtocol

protocol.interceptBufferProtocol

protocol.interceptHttpProtocol

protocol.interceptStreamProtocol

The APIs are now synchronous and the optional callback is no longer needed.

// Deprecated
protocol.registerFileProtocol(scheme, handler, () => { /* ... */ })
// Replace with
protocol.registerFileProtocol(scheme, handler)

The registered or intercepted protocol does not have effect on current page until navigation happens.

protocol.isProtocolHandled

This API is deprecated and users should use protocol.isProtocolRegistered and protocol.isProtocolIntercepted instead.

// Deprecated
protocol.isProtocolHandled(scheme).then(() => { /* ... */ })
// Replace with
const isRegistered = protocol.isProtocolRegistered(scheme)
const isIntercepted = protocol.isProtocolIntercepted(scheme)

Alterações planejadas na API (9.0)

Default Changed: Loading non-context-aware native modules in the renderer process is disabled by default

As of Electron 9 we do not allow loading of non-context-aware native modules in the renderer process. This is to improve security, performance and maintainability of Electron as a project.

If this impacts you, you can temporarily set app.allowRendererProcessReuse to false to revert to the old behavior. This flag will only be an option until Electron 11 so you should plan to update your native modules to be context aware.

For more detailed information see #18397.

Deprecated: BrowserWindow extension APIs

The following extension APIs have been deprecated:

  • BrowserWindow.addExtension(path)
  • BrowserWindow.addDevToolsExtension(path)
  • BrowserWindow.removeExtension(name)
  • BrowserWindow.removeDevToolsExtension(name)
  • BrowserWindow.getExtensions()
  • BrowserWindow.getDevToolsExtensions()

Use the session APIs instead:

  • ses.loadExtension(path)
  • ses.removeExtension(extension_id)
  • ses.getAllExtensions()
// Deprecated in Electron 9
BrowserWindow.addExtension(path)
BrowserWindow.addDevToolsExtension(path)
// Replace with
session.defaultSession.loadExtension(path)
// Deprecated in Electron 9
BrowserWindow.removeExtension(name)
BrowserWindow.removeDevToolsExtension(name)
// Replace with
session.defaultSession.removeExtension(extension_id)
// Deprecated in Electron 9
BrowserWindow.getExtensions()
BrowserWindow.getDevToolsExtensions()
// Replace with
session.defaultSession.getAllExtensions()

Removed: <webview>.getWebContents()

This API, which was deprecated in Electron 8.0, is now removed.

// Removed in Electron 9.0
webview.getWebContents()
// Replace with
const { remote } = require('electron')
remote.webContents.fromId(webview.getWebContentsId())

Removido: webFrame.setLayoutZoomLevelLimits()

Chromium has removed support for changing the layout zoom level limits, and it is beyond Electron's capacity to maintain it. The function was deprecated in Electron 8.x, and has been removed in Electron 9.x. The layout zoom level limits are now fixed at a minimum of 0.25 and a maximum of 5.0, as defined here.

Behavior Changed: Sending non-JS objects over IPC now throws an exception

In Electron 8.0, IPC was changed to use the Structured Clone Algorithm, bringing significant performance improvements. To help ease the transition, the old IPC serialization algorithm was kept and used for some objects that aren't serializable with Structured Clone. In particular, DOM objects (e.g. Element, Location and DOMMatrix), Node.js objects backed by C++ classes (e.g. process.env, some members of Stream), and Electron objects backed by C++ classes (e.g. WebContents, BrowserWindow and WebFrame) are not serializable with Structured Clone. Whenever the old algorithm was invoked, a deprecation warning was printed.

In Electron 9.0, the old serialization algorithm has been removed, and sending such non-serializable objects will now throw an "object could not be cloned" error.

API Changed: shell.openItem is now shell.openPath

The shell.openItem API has been replaced with an asynchronous shell.openPath API. Você pode ver a proposta original da API e o raciocínio aqui.

Alterações planejadas na API (8.0)

Comportamento alterado: os valores enviados por IPC agora são serializados com Algoritmo de Clone Estruturado

The algorithm used to serialize objects sent over IPC (through ipcRenderer.send, ipcRenderer.sendSync, WebContents.send and related methods) has been switched from a custom algorithm to V8's built-in Structured Clone Algorithm, the same algorithm used to serialize messages for postMessage. This brings about a 2x performance improvement for large messages, but also brings some breaking changes in behavior.

  • Sending Functions, Promises, WeakMaps, WeakSets, or objects containing any such values, over IPC will now throw an exception, instead of silently converting the functions to undefined.
// Previously:
ipcRenderer.send('channel', { value: 3, someFunction: () => {} })
// => results in { value: 3 } arriving in the main process

// From Electron 8:
ipcRenderer.send('channel', { value: 3, someFunction: () => {} })
// => throws Error("() => {} could not be cloned.")
  • NaN, Infinity and -Infinity will now be correctly serialized, instead of being converted to null.
  • Objects containing cyclic references will now be correctly serialized, instead of being converted to null.
  • Set, Map, Error and RegExp values will be correctly serialized, instead of being converted to {}.
  • BigInt values will be correctly serialized, instead of being converted to null.
  • Sparse arrays will be serialized as such, instead of being converted to dense arrays with nulls.
  • Date objects will be transferred as Date objects, instead of being converted to their ISO string representation.
  • Typed Arrays (such as Uint8Array, Uint16Array, Uint32Array and so on) will be transferred as such, instead of being converted to Node.js Buffer.
  • Node.js Buffer objects will be transferred as Uint8Arrays. You can convert a Uint8Array back to a Node.js Buffer by wrapping the underlying ArrayBuffer:
Buffer.from(value.buffer, value.byteOffset, value.byteLength)

Sending any objects that aren't native JS types, such as DOM objects (e.g. Element, Location, DOMMatrix), Node.js objects (e.g. process.env, Stream), or Electron objects (e.g. WebContents, BrowserWindow, WebFrame) is deprecated. In Electron 8, these objects will be serialized as before with a DeprecationWarning message, but starting in Electron 9, sending these kinds of objects will throw a 'could not be cloned' error.

Deprecated: <webview>.getWebContents()

This API is implemented using the remote module, which has both performance and security implications. Therefore its usage should be explicit.

// Deprecated
webview.getWebContents()
// Replace with
const { remote } = require('electron')
remote.webContents.fromId(webview.getWebContentsId())

However, it is recommended to avoid using the remote module altogether.

// main
const { ipcMain, webContents } = require('electron')

const getGuestForWebContents = (webContentsId, contents) => {
const guest = webContents.fromId(webContentsId)
if (!guest) {
throw new Error(`Invalid webContentsId: ${webContentsId}`)
}
if (guest.hostWebContents !== contents) {
throw new Error('Access denied to webContents')
}
return guest
}

ipcMain.handle('openDevTools', (event, webContentsId) => {
const guest = getGuestForWebContents(webContentsId, event.sender)
guest.openDevTools()
})

// renderer
const { ipcRenderer } = require('electron')

ipcRenderer.invoke('openDevTools', webview.getWebContentsId())

Deprecated: webFrame.setLayoutZoomLevelLimits()

Chromium has removed support for changing the layout zoom level limits, and it is beyond Electron's capacity to maintain it. The function will emit a warning in Electron 8.x, and cease to exist in Electron 9.x. The layout zoom level limits are now fixed at a minimum of 0.25 and a maximum of 5.0, as defined here.

Deprecated events in systemPreferences

The following systemPreferences events have been deprecated:

  • inverted-color-scheme-changed
  • high-contrast-color-scheme-changed

Use the new updated event on the nativeTheme module instead.

// Deprecated
systemPreferences.on('inverted-color-scheme-changed', () => { /* ... */ })
systemPreferences.on('high-contrast-color-scheme-changed', () => { /* ... */ })

// Replace with
nativeTheme.on('updated', () => { /* ... */ })

Deprecated: methods in systemPreferences

The following systemPreferences methods have been deprecated:

  • systemPreferences.isDarkMode()
  • systemPreferences.isInvertedColorScheme()
  • systemPreferences.isHighContrastColorScheme()

Use the following nativeTheme properties instead:

  • nativeTheme.shouldUseDarkColors
  • nativeTheme.shouldUseInvertedColorScheme
  • nativeTheme.shouldUseHighContrastColors
// Deprecated
systemPreferences.isDarkMode()
// Replace with
nativeTheme.shouldUseDarkColors

// Deprecated
systemPreferences.isInvertedColorScheme()
// Replace with
nativeTheme.shouldUseInvertedColorScheme

// Deprecated
systemPreferences.isHighContrastColorScheme()
// Replace with
nativeTheme.shouldUseHighContrastColors

Planned Breaking API Changes (7.0)

Deprecated: Atom.io Node Headers URL

This is the URL specified as disturl in a .npmrc file or as the --dist-url command line flag when building native Node modules. Both will be supported for the foreseeable future but it is recommended that you switch.

Deprecated: https://atom.io/download/electron

Replace with: https://electronjs.org/headers

API Changed: session.clearAuthCache() no longer accepts options

The session.clearAuthCache API no longer accepts options for what to clear, and instead unconditionally clears the whole cache.

// Deprecated
session.clearAuthCache({ type: 'password' })
// Replace with
session.clearAuthCache()

API Changed: powerMonitor.querySystemIdleState is now powerMonitor.getSystemIdleState

// Removed in Electron 7.0
powerMonitor.querySystemIdleState(threshold, callback)
// Replace with synchronous API
const idleState = powerMonitor.getSystemIdleState(threshold)

API Changed: powerMonitor.querySystemIdleTime is now powerMonitor.getSystemIdleTime

// Removed in Electron 7.0
powerMonitor.querySystemIdleTime(callback)
// Replace with synchronous API
const idleTime = powerMonitor.getSystemIdleTime()

API Changed: webFrame.setIsolatedWorldInfo replaces separate methods

// Removed in Electron 7.0
webFrame.setIsolatedWorldContentSecurityPolicy(worldId, csp)
webFrame.setIsolatedWorldHumanReadableName(worldId, name)
webFrame.setIsolatedWorldSecurityOrigin(worldId, securityOrigin)
// Replace with
webFrame.setIsolatedWorldInfo(
worldId,
{
securityOrigin: 'some_origin',
name: 'human_readable_name',
csp: 'content_security_policy'
})

Removed: marked property on getBlinkMemoryInfo

This property was removed in Chromium 77, and as such is no longer available.

Behavior Changed: webkitdirectory attribute for <input type="file"/> now lists directory contents

The webkitdirectory property on HTML file inputs allows them to select folders. Previous versions of Electron had an incorrect implementation where the event.target.files of the input returned a FileList that returned one File corresponding to the selected folder.

As of Electron 7, that FileList is now list of all files contained within the folder, similarly to Chrome, Firefox, and Edge (link to MDN docs).

As an illustration, take a folder with this structure:

folder
├── file1
├── file2
└── file3

In Electron <=6, this would return a FileList with a File object for:

path/to/folder

In Electron 7, this now returns a FileList with a File object for:

/path/to/folder/file3
/path/to/folder/file2
/path/to/folder/file1

Note that webkitdirectory no longer exposes the path to the selected folder. If you require the path to the selected folder rather than the folder contents, see the dialog.showOpenDialog API (link).

API Changed: Callback-based versions of promisified APIs

Electron 5 and Electron 6 introduced Promise-based versions of existing asynchronous APIs and deprecated their older, callback-based counterparts. In Electron 7, all deprecated callback-based APIs are now removed.

These functions now only return Promises:

  • app.getFileIcon() #15742
  • app.dock.show() #16904
  • contentTracing.getCategories() #16583
  • contentTracing.getTraceBufferUsage() #16600
  • contentTracing.startRecording() #16584
  • contentTracing.stopRecording() #16584
  • contents.executeJavaScript() #17312
  • cookies.flushStore() #16464
  • cookies.get() #16464
  • cookies.remove() #16464
  • cookies.set() #16464
  • debugger.sendCommand() #16861
  • dialog.showCertificateTrustDialog() #17181
  • inAppPurchase.getProducts() #17355
  • inAppPurchase.purchaseProduct()#17355
  • netLog.stopLogging() #16862
  • session.clearAuthCache() #17259
  • session.clearCache() #17185
  • session.clearHostResolverCache() #17229
  • session.clearStorageData() #17249
  • session.getBlobData() #17303
  • session.getCacheSize() #17185
  • session.resolveProxy() #17222
  • session.setProxy() #17222
  • shell.openExternal() #16176
  • webContents.loadFile() #15855
  • webContents.loadURL() #15855
  • webContents.hasServiceWorker() #16535
  • webContents.printToPDF() #16795
  • webContents.savePage() #16742
  • webFrame.executeJavaScript() #17312
  • webFrame.executeJavaScriptInIsolatedWorld() #17312
  • webviewTag.executeJavaScript() #17312
  • win.capturePage() #15743

These functions now have two forms, synchronous and Promise-based asynchronous:

  • dialog.showMessageBox()/dialog.showMessageBoxSync() #17298
  • dialog.showOpenDialog()/dialog.showOpenDialogSync() #16973
  • dialog.showSaveDialog()/dialog.showSaveDialogSync() #17054

Planned Breaking API Changes (6.0)

API Changed: win.setMenu(null) is now win.removeMenu()

// Deprecated
win.setMenu(null)
// Replace with
win.removeMenu()

API Changed: electron.screen in the renderer process should be accessed via remote

// Deprecated
require('electron').screen
// Replace with
require('electron').remote.screen

API Changed: require()ing node builtins in sandboxed renderers no longer implicitly loads the remote version

// Deprecated
require('child_process')
// Replace with
require('electron').remote.require('child_process')

// Deprecated
require('fs')
// Replace with
require('electron').remote.require('fs')

// Deprecated
require('os')
// Replace with
require('electron').remote.require('os')

// Deprecated
require('path')
// Replace with
require('electron').remote.require('path')

Deprecated: powerMonitor.querySystemIdleState replaced with powerMonitor.getSystemIdleState

// Deprecated
powerMonitor.querySystemIdleState(threshold, callback)
// Replace with synchronous API
const idleState = powerMonitor.getSystemIdleState(threshold)

Deprecated: powerMonitor.querySystemIdleTime replaced with powerMonitor.getSystemIdleTime

// Deprecated
powerMonitor.querySystemIdleTime(callback)
// Replace with synchronous API
const idleTime = powerMonitor.getSystemIdleTime()

Deprecated: app.enableMixedSandbox() is no longer needed

// Deprecated
app.enableMixedSandbox()

Mixed-sandbox mode is now enabled by default.

Deprecated: Tray.setHighlightMode

Under macOS Catalina our former Tray implementation breaks. Apple's native substitute doesn't support changing the highlighting behavior.

// Deprecated
tray.setHighlightMode(mode)
// API will be removed in v7.0 without replacement.

Planned Breaking API Changes (5.0)

Default Changed: nodeIntegration and webviewTag default to false, contextIsolation defaults to true

The following webPreferences option default values are deprecated in favor of the new defaults listed below.

PropertyDeprecated DefaultNew Default
contextIsolationfalsetrue
nodeIntegrationtruefalse
webviewTagnodeIntegration if set else truefalse

Ex. Re-enabling the webviewTag

const w = new BrowserWindow({
webPreferences: {
webviewTag: true
}
})

Behavior Changed: nodeIntegration in child windows opened via nativeWindowOpen

Child windows opened with the nativeWindowOpen option will always have Node.js integration disabled, unless nodeIntegrationInSubFrames is true.

API Changed: Registering privileged schemes must now be done before app ready

Renderer process APIs webFrame.registerURLSchemeAsPrivileged and webFrame.registerURLSchemeAsBypassingCSP as well as browser process API protocol.registerStandardSchemes have been removed. A new API, protocol.registerSchemesAsPrivileged has been added and should be used for registering custom schemes with the required privileges. Custom schemes are required to be registered before app ready.

Deprecated: webFrame.setIsolatedWorld* replaced with webFrame.setIsolatedWorldInfo

// Deprecated
webFrame.setIsolatedWorldContentSecurityPolicy(worldId, csp)
webFrame.setIsolatedWorldHumanReadableName(worldId, name)
webFrame.setIsolatedWorldSecurityOrigin(worldId, securityOrigin)
// Replace with
webFrame.setIsolatedWorldInfo(
worldId,
{
securityOrigin: 'some_origin',
name: 'human_readable_name',
csp: 'content_security_policy'
})

API Changed: webFrame.setSpellCheckProvider now takes an asynchronous callback

The spellCheck callback is now asynchronous, and autoCorrectWord parameter has been removed.

// Deprecated
webFrame.setSpellCheckProvider('en-US', true, {
spellCheck: (text) => {
return !spellchecker.isMisspelled(text)
}
})
// Replace with
webFrame.setSpellCheckProvider('en-US', {
spellCheck: (words, callback) => {
callback(words.filter(text => spellchecker.isMisspelled(text)))
}
})

API Changed: webContents.getZoomLevel and webContents.getZoomFactor are now synchronous

webContents.getZoomLevel and webContents.getZoomFactor no longer take callback parameters, instead directly returning their number values.

// Deprecated
webContents.getZoomLevel((level) => {
console.log(level)
})
// Replace with
const level = webContents.getZoomLevel()
console.log(level)
// Deprecated
webContents.getZoomFactor((factor) => {
console.log(factor)
})
// Replace with
const factor = webContents.getZoomFactor()
console.log(factor)

Alterações planejadas na API (4.0)

The following list includes the breaking API changes made in Electron 4.0.

app.makeSingleInstance

// Deprecated
app.makeSingleInstance((argv, cwd) => {
/* ... */
})
// Replace with
app.requestSingleInstanceLock()
app.on('second-instance', (event, argv, cwd) => {
/* ... */
})

app.releaseSingleInstance

// depreciado
app.releaseSingleInstance()
// Substituir com
app.releaseSingleInstanceLock()

app.getGPUInfo

app.getGPUInfo('complete')
// Now behaves the same with `basic` on macOS
app.getGPUInfo('basic')

win_delay_load_hook

When building native modules for windows, the win_delay_load_hook variable in the module's binding.gyp must be true (which is the default). If this hook is not present, then the native module will fail to load on Windows, with an error message like Cannot find module. See the native module guide for more.

Alterações na API (3.0)

A lista a seguir inclui as alterações na API do Election 3.0.

app

// Deprecated
app.getAppMemoryInfo()
// Replace with
app.getAppMetrics()

// Deprecated
const metrics = app.getAppMetrics()
const { memory } = metrics[0] // Deprecated property

BrowserWindow

// Deprecated
const optionsA = { webPreferences: { blinkFeatures: '' } }
const windowA = new BrowserWindow(optionsA)
// Replace with
const optionsB = { webPreferences: { enableBlinkFeatures: '' } }
const windowB = new BrowserWindow(optionsB)

// Deprecated
window.on('app-command', (e, cmd) => {
if (cmd === 'media-play_pause') {
// do something
}
})
// Replace with
window.on('app-command', (e, cmd) => {
if (cmd === 'media-play-pause') {
// do something
}
})

clipboard

// depreciado
clipboard.readRtf()
// Substitua com
clipboard.readRTF()

// depreciado
clipboard.writeRtf()
// Substitua com
clipboard.writeRTF()

// depreciado
clipboard.readHtml()
// Substitua com
clipboard.readHTML()

// depreciado
clipboard.writeHtml()
// Substitua com
clipboard.writeHTML()

crashReporter

// depreciado
crashReporter.start({
companyName: 'Crashly',
submitURL: 'https://crash.server.com',
autoSubmit: true
})
// Substitua com
crashReporter.start({
companyName: 'Crashly',
submitURL: 'https://crash.server.com',
uploadToServer: true
})

nativeImage

// depreciado
nativeImage.createFromBuffer(buffer, 1.0)
// Substitua com
nativeImage.createFromBuffer(buffer, {
scaleFactor: 1.0
})

process

// Deprecated
const info = process.getProcessMemoryInfo()

screen

// Deprecated
screen.getMenuBarHeight()
// Replace with
screen.getPrimaryDisplay().workArea

session

// Deprecated
ses.setCertificateVerifyProc((hostname, certificate, callback) => {
callback(true)
})
// Replace with
ses.setCertificateVerifyProc((request, callback) => {
callback(0)
})

Tray

// Deprecated
tray.setHighlightMode(true)
// Replace with
tray.setHighlightMode('on')

// Deprecated
tray.setHighlightMode(false)
// Replace with
tray.setHighlightMode('off')

webContents

// Deprecated
webContents.openDevTools({ detach: true })
// Replace with
webContents.openDevTools({ mode: 'detach' })

// Removed
webContents.setSize(options)
// There is no replacement for this API

webFrame

// Deprecated
webFrame.registerURLSchemeAsSecure('app')
// Replace with
protocol.registerStandardSchemes(['app'], { secure: true })

// Deprecated
webFrame.registerURLSchemeAsPrivileged('app', { secure: true })
// Replace with
protocol.registerStandardSchemes(['app'], { secure: true })

<webview>

// Removed
webview.setAttribute('disableguestresize', '')
// There is no replacement for this API

// Removed
webview.setAttribute('guestinstance', instanceId)
// There is no replacement for this API

// Keyboard listeners no longer work on webview tag
webview.onkeydown = () => { /* handler */ }
webview.onkeyup = () => { /* handler */ }

Node Headers URL

This is the URL specified as disturl in a .npmrc file or as the --dist-url command line flag when building native Node modules.

Deprecated: https://atom.io/download/atom-shell

Replace with: https://atom.io/download/electron

Breaking API Changes (2.0)

The following list includes the breaking API changes made in Electron 2.0.

BrowserWindow

// Deprecated
const optionsA = { titleBarStyle: 'hidden-inset' }
const windowA = new BrowserWindow(optionsA)
// Replace with
const optionsB = { titleBarStyle: 'hiddenInset' }
const windowB = new BrowserWindow(optionsB)
// Removed
menu.popup(browserWindow, 100, 200, 2)
// Replaced with
menu.popup(browserWindow, { x: 100, y: 200, positioningItem: 2 })

nativeImage

// Removed
nativeImage.toPng()
// Replaced with
nativeImage.toPNG()

// Removed
nativeImage.toJpeg()
// Replaced with
nativeImage.toJPEG()

process

  • process.versions.electron and process.version.chrome will be made read-only properties for consistency with the other process.versions properties set by Node.

webContents

// Removed
webContents.setZoomLevelLimits(1, 2)
// Replaced with
webContents.setVisualZoomLevelLimits(1, 2)

webFrame

// Removed
webFrame.setZoomLevelLimits(1, 2)
// Replaced with
webFrame.setVisualZoomLevelLimits(1, 2)

<webview>

// Removed
webview.setZoomLevelLimits(1, 2)
// Replaced with
webview.setVisualZoomLevelLimits(1, 2)

Duplicate ARM Assets

Each Electron release includes two identical ARM builds with slightly different filenames, like electron-v1.7.3-linux-arm.zip and electron-v1.7.3-linux-armv7l.zip. The asset with the v7l prefix was added to clarify to users which ARM version it supports, and to disambiguate it from future armv6l and arm64 assets that may be produced.

The file without the prefix is still being published to avoid breaking any setups that may be consuming it. Starting at 2.0, the unprefixed file will no longer be published.

For details, see 6986 and 7189.