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webFrameMain

Control web pages and iframes.

Processo: Main

The webFrameMain module can be used to lookup frames across existing WebContents instances. Navigation events are the common use case.

const { BrowserWindow, webFrameMain } = require('electron')

const win = new BrowserWindow({ width: 800, height: 1500 })
win.loadURL('https://twitter.com')

win.webContents.on(
'did-frame-navigate',
(event, url, isMainFrame, frameProcessId, frameRoutingId) => {
const frame = webFrameMain.fromId(frameProcessId, frameRoutingId)
if (frame) {
const code = 'document.body.innerHTML = document.body.innerHTML.replaceAll("heck", "h*ck")'
frame.executeJavaScript(code)
}
}
)

You can also access frames of existing pages by using the mainFrame property of WebContents.

const { BrowserWindow } = require('electron')

async function main () {
const win = new BrowserWindow({ width: 800, height: 600 })
await win.loadURL('https://reddit.com')

const youtubeEmbeds = win.webContents.mainFrame.frames.filter((frame) => {
try {
const url = new URL(frame.url)
return url.host === 'www.youtube.com'
} catch {
return false
}
})

console.log(youtubeEmbeds)
}

main()

Métodos

These methods can be accessed from the webFrameMain module:

webFrameMain.fromId(processId, routingId)

  • processId Integer - An Integer representing the internal ID of the process which owns the frame.
  • routingId Integer - An Integer representing the unique frame ID in the current renderer process. Routing IDs can be retrieved from WebFrameMain instances (frame.routingId) and are also passed by frame specific WebContents navigation events (e.g. did-frame-navigate).

Returns WebFrameMain | undefined - A frame with the given process and routing IDs, or undefined if there is no WebFrameMain associated with the given IDs.

Class: WebFrameMain

Process: Main
This class is not exported from the 'electron' module. It is only available as a return value of other methods in the Electron API.

Eventos de instância

Event: 'dom-ready'

Emitted when the document is loaded.

Métodos de Instância

frame.executeJavaScript(code[, userGesture])

  • code String
  • userGesture Boolean (optional) - Default is false.

Returns Promise<unknown> - A promise that resolves with the result of the executed code or is rejected if execution throws or results in a rejected promise.

Evaluates code in page.

In the browser window some HTML APIs like requestFullScreen can only be invoked by a gesture from the user. Setting userGesture to true will remove this limitation.

frame.reload()

Returns boolean - Whether the reload was initiated successfully. Only results in false when the frame has no history.

frame.send(channel, ...args)

  • channel String
  • ...args any[]

Send an asynchronous message to the renderer process via channel, along with arguments. Arguments will be serialized with the [Structured Clone Algorithm][SCA], just like [postMessage][], so prototype chains will not be included. O envio de funções, promessas, símbolos, weakmaps ou WeakSets lançará uma exceção.

The renderer process can handle the message by listening to channel with the ipcRenderer module.

frame.postMessage(channel, message, [transfer])

  • channel String
  • message any
  • transfer MessagePortMain[] (optional)

Send a message to the renderer process, optionally transferring ownership of zero or more [MessagePortMain][] objects.

The transferred MessagePortMain objects will be available in the renderer process by accessing the ports property of the emitted event. When they arrive in the renderer, they will be native DOM MessagePort objects.

Como por exemplo:

// Main process
const { port1, port2 } = new MessageChannelMain()
webContents.mainFrame.postMessage('port', { message: 'hello' }, [port1])

// Renderer process
ipcRenderer.on('port', (e, msg) => {
const [port] = e.ports
// ...
})

Propriedades da Instância

frame.url Readonly

A string representing the current URL of the frame.

frame.top Readonly

A WebFrameMain | null representing top frame in the frame hierarchy to which frame belongs.

frame.parent Readonly

A WebFrameMain | null representing parent frame of frame, the property would be null if frame is the top frame in the frame hierarchy.

frame.frames Readonly

A WebFrameMain[] collection containing the direct descendents of frame.

frame.framesInSubtree Readonly

A WebFrameMain[] collection containing every frame in the subtree of frame, including itself. This can be useful when traversing through all frames.

frame.frameTreeNodeId Readonly

An Integer representing the id of the frame's internal FrameTreeNode instance. This id is browser-global and uniquely identifies a frame that hosts content. The identifier is fixed at the creation of the frame and stays constant for the lifetime of the frame. When the frame is removed, the id is not used again.

frame.name Readonly

A String representing the frame name.

frame.osProcessId Readonly

An Integer representing the operating system pid of the process which owns this frame.

frame.processId Readonly

An Integer representing the Chromium internal pid of the process which owns this frame. This is not the same as the OS process ID; to read that use frame.osProcessId.

frame.routingId Readonly

An Integer representing the unique frame id in the current renderer process. Distinct WebFrameMain instances that refer to the same underlying frame will have the same routingId.

frame.visibilityState Readonly

A string representing the visibility state of the frame.

See also how the Page Visibility API is affected by other Electron APIs.