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desktopCapturer

Access information about media sources that can be used to capture audio and video from the desktop using the navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia API.

Processo: Main, Renderer

O exemplo a seguir mostra como capturar vídeo de uma janela desktop com o título Electron:

// No processo renderer.
const { desktopCapturer } = require('electron')

desktopCapturer.getSources({ types: ['window', 'screen'] }).then(async sources => {
for (const source of sources) {
if (source.name === 'Electron') {
try {
const stream = await navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia({
audio: false,
video: {
mandatory: {
chromeMediaSource: 'desktop',
chromeMediaSourceId: source.id,
minWidth: 1280,
maxWidth: 1280,
minHeight: 720,
maxHeight: 720
}
}
})
handleStream(stream)
} catch (e) {
handleError(e)
}
return
}
}
})

function handleStream (stream) {
const video = document.querySelector('video')
video.srcObject = stream
video.onloadedmetadata = (e) => video.play()
}

function handleError (e) {
console.log(e)
}

To capture video from a source provided by desktopCapturer the constraints passed to navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia must include chromeMediaSource: 'desktop', and audio: false.

To capture both audio and video from the entire desktop the constraints passed to navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia must include chromeMediaSource: 'desktop', for both audio and video, but should not include a chromeMediaSourceId constraint.

const constraints = {
audio: {
mandatory: {
chromeMediaSource: 'desktop'
}
},
video: {
mandatory: {
chromeMediaSource: 'desktop'
}
}
}

Métodos

O módulo desktopCapturer tem os seguintes métodos:

desktopCapturer.getSources(options)

  • options Object
    • types String[] - Um array de Strings que lista os tipos de área de trabalho a serem capturadas, tipos disponíveis são screen e window.
    • thumbnailSize Size (optional) - The size that the media source thumbnail should be scaled to. Default is 150 x 150. Set width or height to 0 when you do not need the thumbnails. This will save the processing time required for capturing the content of each window and screen.
    • fetchWindowIcons Boolean (optional) - Set to true to enable fetching window icons. The default value is false. When false the appIcon property of the sources return null. Same if a source has the type screen.

Returns Promise<DesktopCapturerSource[]> - Resolves with an array of DesktopCapturerSource objects, each DesktopCapturerSource represents a screen or an individual window that can be captured.

Note Capturing the screen contents requires user consent on macOS 10.15 Catalina or higher, which can detected by systemPreferences.getMediaAccessStatus.

Caveats

navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia does not work on macOS for audio capture due to a fundamental limitation whereby apps that want to access the system's audio require a signed kernel extension. Chromium, and by extension Electron, does not provide this.

It is possible to circumvent this limitation by capturing system audio with another macOS app like Soundflower and passing it through a virtual audio input device. This virtual device can then be queried with navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia.