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ビルド手順 (macOS)

カスタム Electron バイナリの作成にあたって macOS で Electron そのもの をビルドするには、以下のガイドラインに従ってください。 アプリのコードをビルド済み Electron バイナリにバンドルして頒布する場合は、アプリケーション頒布 のガイドを参照してください。

必要な環境

  • macOS >= 11.6.0
  • Xcode. 必要なバージョンはビルドするブランチに依存しますが、一般に最新バージョンの Xcode であれば main のビルドに適しています。
  • Node.js (外部)
  • Python >= 3.7

Arm64-specific prerequisites

  • Rosetta 2
    • We recommend installing Rosetta if using dependencies that need to cross-compile on x64 and arm64 machines. Rosetta can be installed by using the softwareupdate command line tool.
    • $ softwareupdate --install-rosetta

Electron のビルド

ビルド指示: GNを参照してください。

トラブルシューティング

Xcode "incompatible architecture" errors (MacOS arm64-specific)

If both Xcode and Xcode command line tools are installed ($ xcode -select --install, or directly download the correct version here), but the stack trace says otherwise like so:

xcrun: error: unable to load libxcrun
(dlopen(/Users/<user>/.electron_build_tools/third_party/Xcode/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/usr/lib/libxcrun.dylib (http://xcode.app/Contents/Developer/usr/lib/libxcrun.dylib), 0x0005):
tried: '/Users/<user>/.electron_build_tools/third_party/Xcode/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/usr/lib/libxcrun.dylib (http://xcode.app/Contents/Developer/usr/lib/libxcrun.dylib)'
(mach-o file, but is an incompatible architecture (have (x86_64), need (arm64e))), '/Users/<user>/.electron_build_tools/third_party/Xcode/Xcode-11.1.0.app/Contents/Developer/usr/lib/libxcrun.dylib (http://xcode-11.1.0.app/Contents/Developer/usr/lib/libxcrun.dylib)' (mach-o file, but is an incompatible architecture (have (x86_64), need (arm64e)))).`

If you are on arm64 architecture, the build script may be pointing to the wrong Xcode version (11.x.y doesn't support arm64). Navigate to /Users/<user>/.electron_build_tools/third_party/Xcode/ and rename Xcode-13.3.0.app to Xcode.app to ensure the right Xcode version is used.

Certificates fail to verify

installing certifi will fix the following error:

________ running 'python3 src/tools/clang/scripts/update.py' in '/Users/<user>/electron'
Downloading https://commondatastorage.googleapis.com/chromium-browser-clang/Mac_arm64/clang-llvmorg-15-init-15652-g89a99ec9-1.tgz
<urlopen error [SSL: CERTIFICATE_VERIFY_FAILED] certificate verify failed: unable to get local issuer certificate (_ssl.c:997)>
Retrying in 5 s ...
Downloading https://commondatastorage.googleapis.com/chromium-browser-clang/Mac_arm64/clang-llvmorg-15-init-15652-g89a99ec9-1.tgz
<urlopen error [SSL: CERTIFICATE_VERIFY_FAILED] certificate verify failed: unable to get local issuer certificate (_ssl.c:997)>
Retrying in 10 s ...
Downloading https://commondatastorage.googleapis.com/chromium-browser-clang/Mac_arm64/clang-llvmorg-15-init-15652-g89a99ec9-1.tgz
<urlopen error [SSL: CERTIFICATE_VERIFY_FAILED] certificate verify failed: unable to get local issuer certificate (_ssl.c:997)>
Retrying in 20 s ...

This issue has to do with Python 3.6 using its own copy of OpenSSL in lieu of the deprecated Apple-supplied OpenSSL libraries. certifi adds a curated bundle of default root certificates. This issue is documented in the Electron repo here. Further information about this issue can be found here and here.