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webFrameMain

Control web pages and iframes.

Processus : Main

The webFrameMain module can be used to lookup frames across existing WebContents instances. Navigation events are the common use case.

const { BrowserWindow, webFrameMain } = require('electron')

const win = new BrowserWindow({ width: 800, height: 1500 })
win.loadURL('https://twitter.com')

win.webContents.on(
'did-frame-navigate',
(event, url, isMainFrame, frameProcessId, frameRoutingId) => {
const frame = webFrameMain.fromId(frameProcessId, frameRoutingId)
if (frame) {
const code = 'document.body.innerHTML = document.body.innerHTML.replaceAll("heck", "h*ck")'
frame.executeJavaScript(code)
}
}
)

You can also access frames of existing pages by using the mainFrame property of WebContents.

const { BrowserWindow } = require('electron')

async function main () {
const win = new BrowserWindow({ width: 800, height: 600 })
await win.loadURL('https://reddit.com')

const youtubeEmbeds = win.webContents.mainFrame.frames.filter((frame) => {
try {
const url = new URL(frame.url)
return url.host === 'www.youtube.com'
} catch {
return false
}
})

console.log(youtubeEmbeds)
}

main()

Méthodes

These methods can be accessed from the webFrameMain module:

webFrameMain.fromId(processId, routingId)

  • processId Integer - An Integer representing the internal ID of the process which owns the frame.
  • routingId Integer - An Integer representing the unique frame ID in the current renderer process. Routing IDs can be retrieved from WebFrameMain instances (frame.routingId) and are also passed by frame specific WebContents navigation events (e.g. did-frame-navigate).

Returns WebFrameMain | undefined - A frame with the given process and routing IDs, or undefined if there is no WebFrameMain associated with the given IDs.

Class: WebFrameMain

Process: Main
This class is not exported from the 'electron' module. It is only available as a return value of other methods in the Electron API.

Événements d’instance

Événement : 'dom-ready'

Emitted when the document is loaded.

Méthodes d’instance

frame.executeJavaScript(code[, userGesture])

  • code String
  • userGesture Boolean (facultatif) - false par défaut.

Returns Promise<unknown> - A promise that resolves with the result of the executed code or is rejected if execution throws or results in a rejected promise.

Évalue le code dans la page.

Dans la fenêtre du navigateur, certaines APIs HTML comme requestFullScreen peut être invoqué seulement par un geste de l'utilisateur. Définir userGesture à true supprimera cette limitation.

frame.reload()

Returns boolean - Whether the reload was initiated successfully. Only results in false when the frame has no history.

frame.send(channel, ...args)

  • channel String
  • ...args any[]

Send an asynchronous message to the renderer process via channel, along with arguments. Arguments will be serialized with the [Structured Clone Algorithm][SCA], just like [postMessage][], so prototype chains will not be included. Sending Functions, Promises, Symbols, WeakMaps, or WeakSets will throw an exception.

The renderer process can handle the message by listening to channel with the ipcRenderer module.

frame.postMessage(channel, message, [transfer])

  • channel String
  • message tous
  • transfer MessagePortMain[] (optional)

Envoie un message au processus de rendu en effectuant éventuellement un transfert de propriété de zéro ou plus objets de type [MessagePortMain][].

Les objets MessagePortMain transférés seront disponibles dans le processus de rendu en accédant à la propriété ports de l'événement émis. Ils seront des objets DOM MessagePort natifs en arrivant dans le moteur de rendu.

Par exemple :

// Main process
const { port1, port2 } = new MessageChannelMain()
webContents.mainFrame.postMessage('port', { message: 'hello' }, [port1])

// Renderer process
ipcRenderer.on('port', (e, msg) => {
const [port] = e.ports
// ...
})

Propriétés d'instance

frame.url Readonly

A string representing the current URL of the frame.

frame.top Readonly

A WebFrameMain | null representing top frame in the frame hierarchy to which frame belongs.

frame.parent Readonly

A WebFrameMain | null representing parent frame of frame, the property would be null if frame is the top frame in the frame hierarchy.

frame.frames Readonly

A WebFrameMain[] collection containing the direct descendents of frame.

frame.framesInSubtree Readonly

A WebFrameMain[] collection containing every frame in the subtree of frame, including itself. This can be useful when traversing through all frames.

frame.frameTreeNodeId Readonly

An Integer representing the id of the frame's internal FrameTreeNode instance. This id is browser-global and uniquely identifies a frame that hosts content. The identifier is fixed at the creation of the frame and stays constant for the lifetime of the frame. When the frame is removed, the id is not used again.

frame.name Readonly

A String representing the frame name.

frame.osProcessId Readonly

An Integer representing the operating system pid of the process which owns this frame.

frame.processId Readonly

An Integer representing the Chromium internal pid of the process which owns this frame. This is not the same as the OS process ID; to read that use frame.osProcessId.

frame.routingId Readonly

An Integer representing the unique frame id in the current renderer process. Distinct WebFrameMain instances that refer to the same underlying frame will have the same routingId.

frame.visibilityState Lecture seule

A string representing the visibility state of the frame.

See also how the Page Visibility API is affected by other Electron APIs.