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· 2 lectura mínima

The Electron project will pause for the month of December 2021, then return to full speed in January 2022.

via GIPHY


What will be the same in December#

  1. Zero-day and other major security-related releases will be published as necessary. Security incidents should be reported via SECURITY.md.
  2. Code of Conduct reports and moderation will continue.

What will be different in December#

  1. No new Beta or Stable releases in December. No Nightly releases for the last two weeks of December.
  2. With few exceptions, no pull request reviews or merges.
  3. No issue tracker updates on any repositories.
  4. No Discord debugging help from maintainers.
  5. No social media content updates.

Why is this happening?#

In short, while maintainers are happy and engaged with the project, THE WORLD IS TIRED. December is a quiet month for most companies, so we want to give our maintainers a chance to recharge. We encourage other projects to consider similar measures.

Should I be worried about the future of Electron?#

No. We are able to take this step because the project is in good shape. Everyone is looking forward to 2022, and we expect good things to come!

· 4 lectura mínima

¡Electron 15.0.0 ha sido liberado! Incluye actualizaciones a Chromium 94, V8 9.4y Node.js 16.5.0. We've added API updates to window.open, bug fixes, and general improvements. ¡Lea a continuación para más detalles!


El equipo de Electron esta emocionado de anunciar el lanzamiento de Electron 15.0.0! You can install it with npm via npm install electron@latest or download it from our releases website. Continue reading for details about this release and please share any feedback you have!

Notable Changes#

Electron Release Cadence Change#

Starting with Electron 15, Electron will release a new major stable version every 8 weeks. You can read the full details here.

Additionally, Electron will be changing supported versions from latest three versions to latest four versions until May 2022. See our versioning documentfor more detailed information about versioning in Electron.

Stack Changes#

Características Destacadas#

  • nativeWindowOpen: true is no longer experimental, and is now the default.
  • Added safeStorage string encryption API. #30430
  • Added 'frame-created' event to WebContents which emits when a frame is created in the page. #30801
  • Added resize edge info to BrowserWindow's will-resize event. #29199

Vea la notas de lanzamiento 15.0.0 para la lista completa de nuevas características y cambios.

Restaurar archivos borrados#

Below are breaking changes introduced in Electron 15. More information about these and future changes can be found on the Planned Breaking Changes page.

Default Changed: nativeWindowOpen defaults to true#

Prior to Electron 15, window.open was by default shimmed to use BrowserWindowProxy. This meant that window.open('about:blank') did not work to open synchronously scriptable child windows, among other incompatibilities. nativeWindowOpen: true is no longer experimental, and is now the default.

See the documentation for window.open in Electron for more details.

API Modificada#

  • Added 'frame-created' event to WebContents which emits when a frame is created in the page. #30801
  • Added safeStorage string encryption API. #30430
  • Added signal option to dialog.showMessageBox. #26102
  • Added an Electron Fuse for enforcing code signatures on the app.asar file your application loads. Requires the latest asar module (v3.1.0 or higher). #30900
  • Added fuses to disable NODE_OPTIONS and --inspect debug arguments in packaged apps. #30420
  • Added new MenuItem.userAccelerator property to read user-assigned macOS accelerator overrides. #26682
  • Added new app.runningUnderARM64Translation property to detect when running under Rosetta on Apple Silicon, or WOW on Windows for ARM. #29168
  • Added new imageAnimationPolicy web preference to control how images are animated. #29095
  • Added support for sending Blobs over the context bridge. #29247

Cambios Eliminado/Obsoletos#

No APIs have been removed or deprecated.

Versiones Soportadas#

Starting in Electron 15, we will change supported versions from latest three versions to latest four versions until May 2022 with Electron 19. After Electron 19, we will return to supporting the latest three versions. This version support change is part of our new cadence change. Please see our blog post for full details here.

Developers and applications are encouraged to upgrade to a newer version of Electron.

E15 (Sep'21)E16 (Nov'21)E17 (Feb'22)E18 (Mar'22)E19 (May'22)
15.x.y16.x.y17.x.y18.x.y19.x.y
14.x.y15.x.y16.x.y17.x.y18.x.y
13.x.y14.x.y15.x.y16.x.y17.x.y
12.x.y13.x.y14.x.y15.x.y--

What's Next#

In the short term, you can expect the team to continue to focus on keeping up with the development of the major components that make up Electron, including Chromium, Node, and V8. Although we are careful not to make promises about release dates, our plan is release new major versions of Electron with new versions of those components approximately quarterly.

You can find Electron's public timeline here.

More information about future changes can be found on the Planned Breaking Changes page.

· 6 lectura mínima

¡Electron 14.0.0 ha sido liberado! It includes upgrades to Chromium 93 and V8 9.3. We've added several API updates, bug fixes, and general improvements. ¡Lea a continuación para más detalles!


El equipo de Electron esta emocionado de anunciar el lanzamiento de Electron 14.0.0! You can install it with npm via npm install electron@latest or download it from our releases website. Continue reading for details about this release and please share any feedback you have!

Notable Changes#

Electron Release Cadence Change#

Beginning in September 2021 with Electron 15, Electron will release a new major stable version every 8 weeks. You can read the full details here. Electron 15 will begin beta on September 1, 2021 and stable release will be on September 21, 2021. You can find Electron's public timeline here.

Additionally, Electron will be changing supported versions from latest three versions to latest four versions until May 2022. See see our versioning document for more detailed information about versioning in Electron.

Stack Changes#

Características Destacadas#

  • Default Changed: nativeWindowOpen now defaults to true. (see docs)
  • Child windows no longer inherit BrowserWindow construction options from their parents. #28550
  • Added new session.storagePath API to get the path on disk for session-specific data. #28665
  • Added process.contextId used by @electron/remote. #28007
  • Added experimental cookie encryption support behind an Electron Fuse. #29492

Vea la notas de lanzamiento 14.0.0 para la lista completa de nuevas características y cambios.

Restaurar archivos borrados#

Below are breaking changes introduced in Electron 14. More information about these and future changes can be found on the Planned Breaking Changes page.

Eliminada: app.allowRendererProcessReuse#

The app.allowRendererProcessReuse property has been removed as part of our plan to more closely align with Chromium's process model for security, performance and maintainability.

Para información más detallada vea #18397.

Eliminado: Browser Window Affinity#

The affinity option when constructing a new BrowserWindow has been removed as part of our plan to more closely align with Chromium's process model for security, performance and maintainability.

Para información más detallada vea #18397.

API modificada: window.open()#

The optional parameter frameName no longer sets the title of the window. This behavior now follows the specification described by the native documentation for the windowName parameter.

If you were using this parameter to set the title of a window, you can instead use the win.setTitle(title) method.

Eliminado: worldSafeExecuteJavaScript#

worldSafeExecuteJavaScript has been removed with no alternative. Please ensure your code works with this property enabled. It has been enabled by default since Electron 12.

Será afectado por este cambio si usted utliza webFrame.executeJavaScript o webFrame.executeJavaScriptInIsolatedWorld. Necesitará asegurase que los valores devueltos por cualquiera de esos métodos son soportados por Context Bridge API ya que estos métodos utilizan la misma semántica de paso de valores.

Valor por defecto modificado: nativeWindowOpen por defecto a true#

Prior to Electron 14, window.open was by default shimmed to use BrowserWindowProxy. This meant that window.open('about:blank') did not work to open synchronously scriptable child windows, among other incompatibilities. nativeWindowOpen is no longer experimental, and is now the default.

See the documentation for window.open in Electron for more details.

Removed: BrowserWindowConstructorOptions inheriting from parent windows#

Prior to Electron 14, windows opened with window.open would inherit BrowserWindow constructor options such as transparent and resizable from their parent window. Beginning with Electron 14, this behavior has been removed and windows will not inherit any BrowserWindow constructor options from their parents.

Instead, explicitly set options for the new window with setWindowOpenHandler:

webContents.setWindowOpenHandler((details) => {  return {    action: 'allow',    overrideBrowserWindowOptions: {      // ...    }  }})

Eliminada: additionalFeatures#

The deprecated additionalFeatures property in the new-window and did-create-window events of WebContents has been removed. Since new-window uses positional arguments, the argument is still present, but will always be the empty array []. (Note: the new-window event itself is already deprecated and has been replaced by setWindowOpenHandler.) Bare keys in window features will now present as keys with the value true in the options object.

// Removed in Electron 14// Triggered by window.open('...', '', 'my-key')webContents.on('did-create-window', (window, details) => {  if (details.additionalFeatures.includes('my-key')) {    // ...  }})
// Replace withwebContents.on('did-create-window', (window, details) => {  if (details.options['my-key']) {    // ...  }})

Removed: remote module#

Deprecated in Electron 12, the remote module has now been removed from Electron itself and extracted into a separate package, @electron/remote. The @electron/remote module bridges JavaScript objects from the main process to the renderer process. This lets you access main-process-only objects as if they were available in the renderer process. This is a direct replacement for the remote module. See the module's readme for migration instructions and reference.

API Modificada#

  • Added BrowserWindow.isFocusable() method to determine whether a window is focusable. #28642
  • Added WebFrameMain.visibilityState instance property. #28706
  • Added disposition, referrer and postBody to the details object passed to the window open handler registered with setWindowOpenHandler. #28518
  • Added process.contextId used by @electron/remote. #28007
  • Added experimental cookie encryption support behind an Electron Fuse. #29492
  • Added missing resourceType conversions for webRequest listener details: font, ping, cspReport, media, webSocket. #30050
  • Added new session.storagePath API to get the path on disk for session-specific data. #28665
  • Added support for Windows Control Overlay on macOS. #29986
  • Added support for directing Chromium logging to a file with --log-file=.../path/to/file.log. Also, it's now possible to enable logging from JavaScript by appending command-line switches during the first JS tick. #29963
  • Added support for the des-ede3 cipher in node crypto. #27897
  • Added a ContextBridgeMutability feature that allows context bridge objects to be mutated. #27348

Cambios Eliminado/Obsoletos#

Las siguientes APIs han sido eliminadas o ahora están obsoletas:

  • The remote module has been removed after being deprecated in Electron 12. #25734
  • Child windows no longer inherit BrowserWindow construction options from their parents. #28550
  • Removed deprecated additionalFeatures property from new-window and did-create-window WebContents events. #28548
  • Removed the deprecated app.allowRendererProcessReuse and BrowserWindow affinity options. #26874
  • The submitURL option for crashReporter.start is no longer a required argument when uploadToServer is false. #28105

Fin de soporte para 11.x.y#

Electron 11.x.y ha alcanzado el fin de soporte según la política de soporte del proyecto. Developers and applications are encouraged to upgrade to a newer version of Electron.

What's Next#

In the short term, you can expect the team to continue to focus on keeping up with the development of the major components that make up Electron, including Chromium, Node, and V8. Although we are careful not to make promises about release dates, our plan is release new major versions of Electron with new versions of those components approximately quarterly.

For information on planned breaking changes in upcoming versions of Electron, see our Planned Breaking Changes.

· 6 lectura mínima

Over the past weeks, we’ve received several questions about the differences between the new WebView2 and Electron.

Both teams have the expressed goal of making web-tech the best it can be on the Desktop, and a shared comprehensive comparison is being discussed.

Electron and WebView2 are fast-moving and constantly evolving projects. We have assembled a brief snapshot of similarities and differences between Electron and WebView2 as they exist today.


Architecture Overview#

Electron and WebView2 both build from the Chromium source for rendering web content. Strictly speaking, WebView2 builds from the Edge source, but Edge is built using a fork of the Chromium source. Electron does not share any DLLs with Chrome. WebView2 binaries hard link against Edge (Stable channel as of Edge 90), so they share disk and some working set. See Evergreen distribution mode for more info.

Electron apps always bundle and distribute the exact version of Electron with which they were developed. WebView2 has two options in distribution. You can bundle the exact WebView2 library your application was developed with, or you can use a shared-runtime version that may already be present on the system. WebView2 provides tools for each approach, including a bootstrapping installer in case the shared runtime is missing. WebView2 is shipped inbox starting with Windows 11.

Applications that bundle their frameworks are responsible for updating those frameworks, including minor security releases. For apps using the shared WebView2 runtime, WebView2 has its own updater, similar to Chrome or Edge, that runs independent of your application. Updating the application's code or any of its other dependencies is still a responsibility for the developer, same as with Electron. Neither Electron nor WebView2 is managed by Windows Update.

Both Electron and WebView2 inherit Chromium’s multi-process architecture - namely, a single main process that communicates with one-or-more renderer processes. These processes are entirely separate from other applications running on the system. Every Electron application is a separate process tree, containing a root browser-process, some utility processes, and zero or more render processes. WebView2 apps that use the same user data folder (like a suite of apps would do), share non-renderer processes. WebView2 apps using different data folders do not share processes.

  • ElectronJS Process Model:

    ElectronJS Process Model Diagram

  • WebView2 Based Application Process Model:

    WebView2 Process Model Diagram

Read more about WebView2’s process model and Electron’s process model here.

Electron provides APIs for common desktop application needs such as menus, file system access, notifications, and more. WebView2 is a component meant to be integrated into an application framework such as WinForms, WPF, WinUI, or Win32. WebView2 does not provide operating system APIs outside the web standard via JavaScript.

Node.js is integrated into Electron. Electron applications may use any Node.js API, module, or node-native-addon from the renderer and main processes. A WebView2 application does not assume which language or framework the rest of your application is written in. Your JavaScript code must proxy any operating system access through the application-host process.

Electron strives to maintain compatibility with the web API, including APIs developed from the Fugu Project. We have a snapshot of Electron’s Fugu API compatibility. WebView2 maintains a similar list of API differences from Edge.

Electron has a configurable security model for web content, from full-access to full-sandbox. WebView2 content is always sandboxed. Electron has comprehensive security documentation on choosing your security model. WebView2 also has security best practices.

The Electron source is maintained and available on GitHub. Applications can modify can build their own brands of Electron. The WebView2 source is not available on GitHub.

Quick Summary:

ElectronWebView2
Build DependencyChromiumBorde
Source Available on GitHubNo
Shares Edge/Chrome DLLsNoYes (as of Edge 90)
Shared Runtime Between ApplicationsNoOpcional
Application APIsNo
Node.jsNo
SandboxOpcionalSiempre
Requires an Application FrameworkNo
Plataformas soportadasMac, Win, LinuxWin (Mac/Linux planned)
Process Sharing Between AppsNeverOpcional
Framework Updates Managed ByApplicationWebView2

Performance Discussion#

When it comes to rendering your web content, we expect little performance difference between Electron, WebView2, and any other Chromium-based renderer. We created scaffolding for apps built using Electron, C++ + WebView2, and C# + WebView2 for those interested to investigate potential performance differences.

There are a few differences that come into play outside of rendering web content, and folks from Electron, WebView2, Edge, and others have expressed interest in working on a detailed comparison including PWAs.

Inter-Process Communication (IPC)#

There is one difference we want to highlight immediately, as we believe it is often a performance consideration in Electron apps.

In Chromium, the browser process acts as an IPC broker between sandboxed renderers and the rest of the system. While Electron allows unsandboxed render processes, many apps choose to enable the sandbox for added security. WebView2 always has the sandbox enabled, so for most Electron and WebView2 apps IPC can impact overall performance.

Even though Electron and WebView2 have a similar process models, the underlying IPC differs. Communicating between JavaScript and C++ or C# requires marshalling, most commonly to a JSON string. JSON serialization/parsing is an expensive operation, and IPC-bottlenecks can negatively impact performance. Starting with Edge 93, WV2 will use CBOR for network events.

Electron supports direct IPC between any two processes via the MessagePorts API, which utilize the structured clone algorithm. Applications which leverage this can avoid paying the JSON-serialization tax when sending objects between processes.

Resumen#

Electron and WebView2 have a number of differences, but don't expect much difference with respect to how they perform rendering web content. Ultimately, an app’s architecture and JavaScript libraries/frameworks have a larger impact on memory and performance than anything else because Chromium is Chromium regardless of where it is running.

Special thanks to the WebView2 team for reviewing this post, and ensuring we have an up-to-date view of the WebView2 architecture. They welcome any feedback on the project.

· 6 lectura mínima

Beginning in September 2021, Electron will release a new major stable version every 8 weeks.


In 2019, Electron moved to a 12 week release cycle to match Chromium's 6 week release cycle. Recently, both Chrome and Microsoft announced changes that made us reconsider Electron's current release cadence:

  1. Chromium plans to release a new milestone every 4 weeks, starting with Chrome 94 on September 21st, 2021. This release cadence also adds a new Extended Stable option every 8 weeks, which will contain all updated security fixes.

  2. The Microsoft Store will require Chromium-based apps to be no older than within 2 major versions. As an example, if the latest released major version of Chromium is 85, any browser based on Chromium must be on at least Chromium version 83 or higher. This rule includes Electron apps.

Beginning in September 2021, Electron will release a new major stable version every 8 weeks, to match Chromium's 8 week Extended Stable releases.

Our first release with Chromium Extended Stable will be Electron 15 on September 21st, 2021.

Knowing that a release cadence change will impact other downstream applications, we wanted to let our developer community know as soon as possible. Read on for more details about our 2021 release schedule.

Electron 15: Temporary Alpha#

Given that our original Electron 15 release targeted a non-Extended Stable version (Chromium's Extended Stable versions are based on their even-numbered versions), we needed to change our original target release date. However, an Electron app must use the most recent 2 major versions of Chromium to be accepted to the Microsoft Store, which made waiting for two Chromium versions untenable.

With these two requirements, our team faced a timing dilemma. Moving Electron 15 to include Chromium M94 would allow app developers to get on the very first Extended Stable version of Chromium; however, it would also shorten the beta-to-stable cycle to only 3 weeks.

To help with this switchover, Electron will offer a temporary alpha build, only for the Electron 15 release. This alpha build will allow developers more time to test and plan for an Electron 15 release, with a more stable build than our current nightlies.

The alpha channel build will ship for Electron 15 on July 20th, 2021. It will transition to a beta release on September 1st, 2021 with a stable release target of September 21st, 2021. Subsequent Electron releases will not have alpha releases.

2021 Plan for Releases#

Below is our current release schedule for 2021:

ElectronChromeAlpha ReleaseBeta ReleaseStable ReleaseStable Cycle (Weeks)
E13M91-2021-Mar-052021-May-2512
E14M93-2021-May-262021-Aug-3114
E15M942021-Jul-202021-Sep-012021-Sep-219 (includes alpha)
E16M96-2021-Sep-222021-Nov-168
E17M98-2021-Nov-172022-Feb-0111

Adding the alpha channel extends the development time before Electron 15's launch from 3 weeks to 9 weeks - closer to our new 8 week cycle, while still meeting the requirements for Windows Store submission.

To further help app developers, for the remainder of 2021 until May 2022, we will also be extending our supported versions policy from the latest 3 versions to the latest 4 versions of Electron. That means that even if you can't immediately alter your upgrade schedule, older versions of Electron will still receive security updates and fixes.

Addressing Concerns#

There's a reason we're publishing this post well before this release cycle change is scheduled. We know that a faster release cycle will have a real impact on Electron apps - some of which may already find our major release cadence aggressive.

We've tried to address common concerns below:

❓ Why even make this change? Why not keep the 12 week release cadence?#

To deliver the most up-to-date versions of Chromium in Electron, our schedule needs to track theirs. More information around Chromium's release cycle can be found here.

Additionally, the current 12 week release cadence would be untenable with the Microsoft Store's new submission requirements. Even apps on the latest stable version of Electron would experience a roughly two week period where their app may be rejected under the new security requirements.

Every new Chromium release contains new features, bug fixes / security fixes, and V8 improvements. We want you, as app developers, to have these changes in a timely manner, so our stable release dates will continue to match every other Chromium stable release. As an app developer, you'll have access to new Chromium and V8 features and fixes sooner than before.

❓ The existing 12 week release schedule already moves quickly. What steps are the team taking to make upgrading easier?#

One advantage of more frequent releases is having smaller releases. We understand that upgrading Electron's major versions can be difficult. We hope that smaller releases will introduce fewer major Chromium and Node changes, as well as fewer breaking changes, per release.

❓ Will there been an alpha release available for future Electron versions?#

There are no plans to support a permanent alpha release at this time. This alpha is only intended for Electron 15, as a way to help developers upgrade more easily in the shortened release period.

❓ Will Electron extend the number of supported versions?#

We will be extending our supported version policy from the latest three versions to the latest four versions of Electron until May 2022, with the release of Electron 19. After Electron 19 is released, we'll return to supporting the latest three major versions, as well as the beta and nightly releases.

E13 (May'21)E14 (Aug'21)E15 (Sep'21)E16 (Nov'21)E17 (Feb'22)E18 (Mar'22)E19 (May'22)
13.x.y14.x.y15.x.y16.x.y17.x.y18.x.y19.x.y
12.x.y13.x.y14.x.y15.x.y16.x.y17.x.y18.x.y
11.x.y12.x.y13.x.y14.x.y15.x.y16.x.y17.x.y
----12.x.y13.x.y14.x.y15.x.y--

Preguntas?#

📨 If you have questions or concerns, please mail us at info@electronjs.org or join our Discord. We know this is a change that will impact many apps and developers, and your feedback is very important to us. We want to hear from you!

· 3 lectura mínima

¡Electron 13.0.0 ha sido liberado! It includes upgrades to Chromium 91 and V8 9.1. We've added several API updates, bug fixes, and general improvements. ¡Lea a continuación para más detalles!


El equipo de Electron esta emocionado de anunciar el lanzamiento de Electron 13.0.0! You can install it with npm via npm install electron@latest or download it from our releases website. Continue reading for details about this release, and please share any feedback you have!

Notable Changes#

Stack Changes#

Características Destacadas#

  • Added process.contextIsolated property that indicates whether the current renderer context has contextIsolation enabled. #28252
  • Added new session.storagePath API to get the path on disk for session-specific data. #28866
  • Deprecated the new-window event of WebContents. Es reemplazado por webContents.setWindowOpenHandler()
  • Added process.contextId used by @electron/remote. #28251

Vea la notas de lanzamiento 13.0.0 para la lista completa de nuevas características y cambios.

Restaurar archivos borrados#

  • window.open() parameter frameName is no longer set as window title. #27481
  • Changed session.setPermissionCheckHandler(handler) to allow for handler's first parameter, webContents to be null. #19903

More information about these and future changes can be found on the Planned Breaking Changes page.

API Modificada#

  • Added roundedCorners option for BrowserWindow. #27572
  • Added new session.storagePath API to get the path on disk for session-specific data.28866
  • Added support for passing DOM elements over the context bridge. #26776
  • Added process.uptime() to sandboxed renderers. #26684
  • Added missing fields to the parameters emitted as part of the context-menuevent.#26788
  • Added support for registering Manifest V3 extension service workers.
  • Added ‘registration-completed’ event to ServiceWorkers. #27562

Cambios Eliminado/Obsoletos#

Las siguientes APIs han sido eliminadas o ahora están obsoletas:

  • Deprecated the new-window event of WebContents. Es reemplazado por webContents.setWindowOpenHandler()

  • Eliminado obsoleto shell.moveItemToTrash(). #26723

  • Removed the following deprecated BrowserWindow extension APIs:

    • BrowserWindow.addExtension(path)

    • BrowserWindow.addDevToolsExtension(path)

    • BrowserWindow.removeExtension(name)

    • BrowserWindow.removeDevToolsExtension(name)

    • BrowserWindow.getExtensions()

    • BrowserWindow.getDevToolsExtensions()

      Use the session APIs instead:

    • ses.loadExtension(path)

    • ses.removeExtension(extension_id)

    • ses.getAllExtensions()

  • Los métodos siguientes de systemPreferences han quedado obsoletos:

    • systemPreferences.isDarkMode()

    • systemPreferences.isInvertedColorScheme()

    • systemPreferences.isHighContrastColorScheme()

      En su lugar, usa las siguientes propiedades nativeTheme:

    • nativeTheme.shouldUseDarkColors

    • nativeTheme.shouldUseInvertedColorScheme

    • nativeTheme.shouldUseHighContrastColors

Fin de soporte para 10.x.y#

Electron 10.x.y ha alcanzado el fin de soporte según la política de soporte del proyecto. Developers and applications are encouraged to upgrade to a newer version of Electron.

What's Next#

In the short term, you can expect the team to continue to focus on keeping up with the development of the major components that make up Electron, including Chromium, Node, and V8. Although we are careful not to make promises about release dates, our plan is release new major versions of Electron with new versions of those components approximately quarterly. El calendario tentativo 14.0.0 traza fechas claves en el ciclo de vida del desarrollo de Electron 14.0. Also, see our versioning document for more detailed information about versioning in Electron.

For information on planned breaking changes in upcoming versions of Electron, see our Planned Breaking Changes doc.

· 6 lectura mínima

¡Electron 12.0.0 ha sido liberado! Incluye actualizaciones para Chromium 89, V8 8.9 y Node.js 14.16. Hemos agregados cambios al módulo remoto, nuevos valores por defecto para contextIsolation, una nueva API webFrameMain y mejoras generales. ¡Lea a continuación para más detalles!


El equipo de Electron esta emocionado de anunciar el lanzamiento de Electron 12.0.0! You can install it with npm via npm install electron@latest or download it from our releases website. Continue reading for details about this release, and please share any feedback you have!

Notable Changes#

Stack Changes#

Características Destacadas#

  • El método ContextBridge exposeInMainWorld ahora puede exponer APIs non-object. #26834
  • Actualizado de Node 12 a Node 14. #23249
  • Se añadio nueva API webFrameMain para acceder a subframes de una instancia WebContents desde el main process. #25464
  • Los valores por defecto de contextIsolation y worldSafeExecuteJavaScript ahora son true. #27949 #27502

Vea la notas de lanzamiento 12.0.0 para la lista completa de nuevas características y cambios.

Restaurar archivos borrados#

More information about these and future changes can be found on the Planned Breaking Changes page.

API Modificada#

  • Agregada API webFrameMain: El módulo webFrameMain puede ser usado para buscar marcos a través instancias WebContents existentes. Este es el equivalente del proceso principal de la API existente webFrame. Más información acerca de esta nueva API puede ser encontrada aquí, y en nuestra documentación.
  • app Cambios en la API:
    • Se añadió non-localized serviceName a 'child-process-gone' / app.getAppMetrics(). #25975
    • Se añadió nueva propiedad app.runningUnderRosettaTranslation para detectar cuando se ejecuta bajo rosetta en Apple silicon. #26444
    • Se añadió exitCode a render-process-gone detalles (app & webContents). #27677
  • BrowserWindow Cambios en la API:
    • Se añadió API BrowserWindow.isTabletMode(). #25209
    • Se añadió los eventos resized (Windows/macOS) y moved (Windows) a BrowserWindow. #26216
    • Se añadió nuevo evento system-context-menu para permitir prevenir y anular el menú contextual del sistema. #25795
    • Se añadió win.setTopBrowserView() para que pueda ser lanzadado BrowserView. #27713
    • Se añadió webPreferences.preferredSizeMode para permitir el tamaño de las vista de acuerdo con el tamaño mínimo de su documento. #25874
  • contextBridge Cambios en la API:
    • Permitido el método ContextBridge exposeInMainWorld para exponer APIs non-object. #26834
  • display Cambios en la API:
    • Se añadió la propiedad displayFrequency al objeto Display para permitir obtener información sobre el ratio de actualización en Windows. #26472
  • extensions Cambios en la API:
    • Se añadió soporte para algunas APIs chrome.management. #25098
  • MenuItem Cambios API:
    • Se añadió para mostrar el menú compartir de macOS. #25629
  • net Cambios en la API:
    • Se añadió una nueva opción credentials para net.request(). #25284
    • Se añadió net.online para detectar si actualmente hay conexión a Internet. #21004
  • powerMonitor Cambios en la API:
    • Se añadió powerMonitor.onBatteryPower. #26494
    • Se añadió el evento cambio rápido de usuario a powerMonitor en macOS. #25321
  • session Cambios en la API:
    • Se añadió la opción allowFileAccess a la API ses.loadExtension() API. #27702
    • Se añadió la API display-capture para session.setPermissionRequestHandler. #27696
    • Se añadió una opción disabledCipherSuites a session.setSSLConfig. #25818
    • Se añadió los eventos extension-loaded, extension-unloaded, y extension-ready a session. #25385
    • Se añadió session.setSSLConfig() para permitir configurar SSL. #25461
    • Se añadió soporte para especificar específicamente los modos direct, auto_detect o system en session.setProxy(). #24937
    • Se añadió soporte Serial API. #25237
    • Se añadió APIs para activar/desactivar el corrector ortográfico. #26276
  • shell Cambios en la API:
    • Se añadió API asíncrona shell.trashItem(), en reemplazo de la sincróna shell.moveItemToTrash(). #25114
  • webContents Cambios en la API:
    • Se añadió una pequeña sugerencia de consola a la consola para ayudar a depurar los fallos del renderizador. #25317
    • Se añadió las propiedades frame y webContents al detalle del objeto en los manejadores webRequest. #27334
    • Añadido webContents.forcefullyCrashRenderer() para terminar forzosamente un proceso de renderizado para ayudar a recuperar un renderizador de hungs. #25580
    • Se añadió la API setWindowOpenHandler para las ventanas hijas creadas por el renderer, y se desaprueba el evento new-window event. #24517
  • webFrame Cambios en la API:
    • Se añadió la API de revisión ortográfica al renderer. #25060

Cambios Eliminado/Obsoletos#

Las siguientes APIs han sido eliminadas o ahora están obsoletas:

  • Obsoleto el módulo remote. Es reemplazado por @electron/remote. #25293
  • Se eliminaron APIs crashReporter obsoletas. #26709
  • Se eliminó los enlaces a la página web de Electron del menú 'Ayuda' por defecto en las aplicaciones empaquetadas. #25831

Fin de soporte para 9.x.y#

Electron 9.x.y ha alcanzado el fin de soporte según la política de soporte del proyecto. Developers and applications are encouraged to upgrade to a newer version of Electron.

What's Next#

In the short term, you can expect the team to continue to focus on keeping up with the development of the major components that make up Electron, including Chromium, Node, and V8. Although we are careful not to make promises about release dates, our plan is release new major versions of Electron with new versions of those components approximately quarterly. El calendario tentativo 13.0.0 traza fechas claves en el ciclo de vida del desarrollo de Electron 13.0. Also, see our versioning document for more detailed information about versioning in Electron.

For information on planned breaking changes in upcoming versions of Electron, see our Planned Breaking Changes doc.

· 4 lectura mínima

¡Electron 11.0.0 ha sido liberado! Incluye actualizaciones a Chromium 87, V8 8.7, y Node.js 12.18.3. Añadimos soporte para Apple silicon, y mejoras generales. ¡Lea a continuación para más detalles!


El equipo de Electron esta emocionado de anunciar el lanzamiento de Electron 11.0.0! You can install it with npm via npm install electron@latest or download it from our releases website. La versión está llena de actualizaciones, correcciones y nuevo soporte para el hardware de Apple's M1.

We can't wait to see what you build with them! Continue reading for details about this release, and please share any feedback you have!

Notable Changes#

Stack Changes#

Características Destacadas#

Vea la notas de lanzamiento 11.0.0 para la lista completa de nuevas características y cambios.

Restaurar archivos borrados#

  • Removed experimental APIs: BrowserView.{fromId, fromWebContents, getAllViews} and the id property of BrowserView. #23578

More information about these and future changes can be found on the Planned Breaking Changes page.

API Modificada#

  • Added app.getApplicationInfoForProtocol() API that returns detailed information about the app that handles a certain protocol. #24112
  • Added app.createThumbnailFromPath() API that returns a preview image of a file given its file path and a maximum thumbnail size. #24802
  • Añadido webContents.forcefullyCrashRenderer() para terminar forzosamente un proceso de renderizado para ayudar a recuperar un renderizador de hungs. #25756

Fin de soporte para 8.x.y#

Electron 8.x.y ha alcanzado el fin de soporte según la política de soporte del proyecto. Developers and applications are encouraged to upgrade to a newer version of Electron.

What's Next#

In the short term, you can expect the team to continue to focus on keeping up with the development of the major components that make up Electron, including Chromium, Node, and V8. Although we are careful not to make promises about release dates, our plan is to release new major versions of Electron with new versions of those components approximately quarterly. El calendario tentativo 12.0.0 traza fechas claves en el ciclo de vida del desarrollo de Electron 12.0. Also, see our versioning document for more detailed information about versioning in Electron.

For information on planned breaking changes in upcoming versions of Electron, see our Planned Breaking Changes doc.

Continued Work for Deprecation of remote Module#

We started work to remove the remote module in Electron 9. We plan to remove the remote module itself in Electron 14.

Sigue y lee este asunto para conocer los planes completo y detalles para la desaprobación.

Final Step for Requiring Native Node Modules to be Context Aware or N-API (in Electron 12)#

From Electron 6 onwards, we've been laying the groundwork to require native Node modules loaded in the renderer process to be either N-API or Context Aware. Enforcing this change allows for stronger security, faster performance, and reduced maintenance workload. The final step of this plan is to remove the ability to disable render process reuse in Electron 12.

Read and follow this issue for full details, including the proposed timeline.

· 3 lectura mínima

With Apple Silicon hardware being released later this year, what does the path look like for you to get your Electron app running on the new hardware?


With the release of Electron 11.0.0-beta.1, the Electron team is now shipping builds of Electron that run on the new Apple Silicon hardware that Apple plans on shipping later this year. You can grab the latest beta with npm install electron@beta or download it directly from our releases website.

¿Cómo funciona?#

As of Electron 11, we will be shipping separate versions of Electron for Intel Macs and Apple Silicon Macs. Prior to this change, we were already shipping two artifacts, darwin-x64 and mas-x64, with the latter being for Mac App Store compatibility usage. We are now shipping another two artifacts, darwin-arm64 and mas-arm64, which are the Apple Silicon equivalents of the aforementioned artifacts.

¿Qué debo hacer?#

You will need to ship two versions of your app: one for x64 (Intel Mac) and one for arm64 (Apple Silicon). The good news is that electron-packager, electron-rebuild and electron-forge already support targeting the arm64 architecture. As long as you're running the latest versions of those packages, your app should work flawlessly once you update the target architecture to arm64.

In the future, we will release a package that allows you to "merge" your arm64 and x64 apps into a single universal binary, but it's worth noting that this binary would be huge and probably isn't ideal for shipping to users.

Update: This package is now available at @electron/universal. You can use it to merge two packaged x64 and arm64 apps into a single binary.

Posibles problemas#

Módulos nativos#

As you are targeting a new architecture, you'll need to update several dependencies which may cause build issues. The minimum version of certain dependencies are included below for your reference.

DependenciaRequisitos de la versión
Xcode>=12.2.0
node-gyp>=7.1.0
electron-rebuild>=1.12.0
electron-packager>=15.1.0

As a result of these dependency version requirements, you may have to fix/update certain native modules. One thing of note is that the Xcode upgrade will introduce a new version of the macOS SDK, which may cause build failures for your native modules.

¿Cómo lo compruebo?#

Currently, Apple Silicon applications only run on Apple Silicon hardware, which isn't commercially available at the time of writing this blog post. If you have a Developer Transition Kit, you can test your application on that. Otherwise, you'll have to wait for the release of production Apple Silicon hardware to test if your application works.

¿Y qué ocurre con Rosetta 2?#

Rosetta 2 is Apple's latest iteration of their Rosetta technology, which allows you to run x64 Intel applications on their new arm64 Apple Silicon hardware. Although we believe that x64 Electron apps will run under Rosetta 2, there are some important things to note (and reasons why you should ship a native arm64 binary).

  • Your app's performance will be significantly degraded. Electron / V8 uses JIT compilation for JavaScript, and due to how Rosetta works, you will effectively be running JIT twice (once in V8 and once in Rosetta).
  • You lose the benefit of new technology in Apple Silicon, such as the increased memory page size.
  • Did we mention that the performance will be significantly degraded?

· 3 lectura mínima

Join us for community bonding and a month-long celebration of open-source.


Hacktoberfest and Discord banner

Electron Community Discord Launch

Electron’s Outreach Working Group is excited to announce the launch of our official community Discord server!

Why a new Discord server?#

In its early days as the backbone of the Atom text editor, community discussion on the Electron framework occurred in a single channel in Atom’s Slack workspace. As time passed and the two projects were increasingly decoupled, the relevance of the Atom workspace to the Electron project decreased, and maintainer participation in the Slack channel declined in the same manner.

Up until now, we had still been redirecting our broader community to the Atom Slack workspace, even though we’ve had many reports from folks who have had trouble receiving invitations, and few of our core maintainers were frequenting the channel.

We’re setting up this shiny new server to be a central discussion hub for the community where you can get the latest news on all things Electron.

Get in here!#

So far, the server’s membership consists of a few maintainers who have been working together to set it up, but we’re so excited to chat with you all! Come ask for help, keep up to date with Electron releases, or just hang out with other developers. We’ve got a handy invite for you that’ll give you access to the server!

Hacktoberfest 2020

As a large and long-running open-source project, Electron wouldn’t have been nearly as successful without all the contributions from its community, from code submissions to bug reports to documentation changes, and much more. That’s why we believe in the importance of participating in Hacktoberfest to usher in a wider community of developers of all skill levels into the project.

Odds and ends#

This year, we don’t have a wider project to give you all to work on, but we’d like to focus on opportunities to contribute across the Electron JavaScript ecosystem.

Look out for issues tagged hacktoberfest across our various repositories, including the main electron/electron repository, the electron/electronjs.org website, electron/fiddle, and electron-userland/electron-forge!

P.S. If you're feeling particularly adventurous, we also have a backlog of issues marked with help wanted tags if you're looking for more of a challenge.

Stuck? Come chat with us!#

Moreover, it’s also no coincidence that the grand opening of our Discord server coincides with the largest celebration of open-source software of the year. Check out the #hacktoberfest channel to ask for help on your Hacktoberfest PR. In case you missed it, here's the invite link again!