Electron Documentation

ipcRenderer

Communicate asynchronously from a renderer process to the main process.

Process: Renderer

The ipcRenderer module is an EventEmitter. It provides a few methods so you can send synchronous and asynchronous messages from the render process (web page) to the main process. You can also receive replies from the main process.

See ipcMain for code examples.

Methods

The ipcRenderer module has the following method to listen for events and send messages:

ipcRenderer.on(channel, listener)

  • channel String
  • listener Function

    • event IpcRendererEvent
    • ...args any[]

Listens to channel, when a new message arrives listener would be called with listener(event, args...).

ipcRenderer.once(channel, listener)

  • channel String
  • listener Function

    • event IpcRendererEvent
    • ...args any[]

Adds a one time listener function for the event. This listener is invoked only the next time a message is sent to channel, after which it is removed.

ipcRenderer.removeListener(channel, listener)

  • channel String
  • listener Function

    • ...args any[]

Removes the specified listener from the listener array for the specified channel.

ipcRenderer.removeAllListeners(channel)

  • channel String

Removes all listeners, or those of the specified channel.

ipcRenderer.send(channel, ...args)

  • channel String
  • ...args any[]

Send an asynchronous message to the main process via channel, along with arguments. Arguments will be serialized with the Structured Clone Algorithm, just like postMessage, so prototype chains will not be included. Sending Functions, Promises, Symbols, WeakMaps, or WeakSets will throw an exception.

NOTE: Sending non-standard JavaScript types such as DOM objects or special Electron objects is deprecated, and will begin throwing an exception starting with Electron 9.

The main process handles it by listening for channel with the ipcMain module.

ipcRenderer.invoke(channel, ...args)

  • channel String
  • ...args any[]

Returns Promise<any> - Resolves with the response from the main process.

Send a message to the main process via channel and expect a result asynchronously. Arguments will be serialized with the Structured Clone Algorithm, just like postMessage, so prototype chains will not be included. Sending Functions, Promises, Symbols, WeakMaps, or WeakSets will throw an exception.

NOTE: Sending non-standard JavaScript types such as DOM objects or special Electron objects is deprecated, and will begin throwing an exception starting with Electron 9.

The main process should listen for channel with ipcMain.handle().

For example:

// Renderer process
ipcRenderer.invoke('some-name', someArgument).then((result) => {
  // ...
})

// Main process
ipcMain.handle('some-name', async (event, someArgument) => {
  const result = await doSomeWork(someArgument)
  return result
})

ipcRenderer.sendSync(channel, ...args)

  • channel String
  • ...args any[]

Returns any - The value sent back by the ipcMain handler.

Send a message to the main process via channel and expect a result synchronously. Arguments will be serialized with the Structured Clone Algorithm, just like postMessage, so prototype chains will not be included. Sending Functions, Promises, Symbols, WeakMaps, or WeakSets will throw an exception.

NOTE: Sending non-standard JavaScript types such as DOM objects or special Electron objects is deprecated, and will begin throwing an exception starting with Electron 9.

The main process handles it by listening for channel with ipcMain module, and replies by setting event.returnValue.

⚠️ WARNING: Sending a synchronous message will block the whole renderer process until the reply is received, so use this method only as a last resort. It's much better to use the asynchronous version, invoke().

ipcRenderer.sendTo(webContentsId, channel, ...args)

  • webContentsId Number
  • channel String
  • ...args any[]

Sends a message to a window with webContentsId via channel.

ipcRenderer.sendToHost(channel, ...args)

  • channel String
  • ...args any[]

Like ipcRenderer.send but the event will be sent to the <webview> element in the host page instead of the main process.

Event object

The documentation for the event object passed to the callback can be found in the ipc-renderer-event structure docs.


Keyboard Shortcuts

Key Action
/ Focus the search bar
Esc Focus the search bar and cleans it
Select the next search result
Select the previous search result
Enter Open the selected search result
cmdEnter Ctrl+Enter Open the selected search result in a new tab