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Klasse: Tray

Fügen Sie Symbole und Kontextmenüs in den Benachrichtigungsbereich des Systems hinzu.

Prozess: Haupt

Tray ist ein EventEmitter.

const { app, Menu, Tray } = require('electron')

let tray = null
app.whenReady().then(() => {
tray = new Tray('/path/to/my/icon')
const contextMenu = Menu.buildFromTemplate([
{ label: 'Item1', type: 'radio' },
{ label: 'Item2', type: 'radio' },
{ label: 'Item3', type: 'radio', checked: true },
{ label: 'Item4', type: 'radio' }
])
tray.setToolTip('This is my application.')
tray.setContextMenu(contextMenu)
})

Platform Considerations

Linux

  • Tray icon requires support of StatusNotifierItem in user's desktop environment.
  • The click event is emitted when the tray icon receives activation from user, however the StatusNotifierItem spec does not specify which action would cause an activation, for some environments it is left mouse click, but for some it might be double left mouse click.
  • In order for changes made to individual MenuItems to take effect, you have to call setContextMenu again. Ein Beispiel:
const { app, Menu, Tray } = require('electron')

let appIcon = null
app.whenReady().then(() => {
appIcon = new Tray('/path/to/my/icon')
const contextMenu = Menu.buildFromTemplate([
{ label: 'Item1', type: 'radio' },
{ label: 'Item2', type: 'radio' }
])

// Make a change to the context menu
contextMenu.items[1].checked = false

// Call this again for Linux because we modified the context menu
appIcon.setContextMenu(contextMenu)
})

MacOS

  • Icons passed to the Tray constructor should be Template Images.
  • To make sure your icon isn't grainy on retina monitors, be sure your @2x image is 144dpi.
  • If you are bundling your application (e.g., with webpack for development), be sure that the file names are not being mangled or hashed. The filename needs to end in Template, and the @2x image needs to have the same filename as the standard image, or MacOS will not magically invert your image's colors or use the high density image.
  • 16x16 (72dpi) and 32x32@2x (144dpi) work well for most icons.

Windows

  • It is recommended to use ICO icons to get best visual effects.

new Tray(image, [guid])

  • image (NativeImage | string)
  • guid string (optional) Windows - Assigns a GUID to the tray icon. If the executable is signed and the signature contains an organization in the subject line then the GUID is permanently associated with that signature. OS level settings like the position of the tray icon in the system tray will persist even if the path to the executable changes. If the executable is not code-signed then the GUID is permanently associated with the path to the executable. Changing the path to the executable will break the creation of the tray icon and a new GUID must be used. However, it is highly recommended to use the GUID parameter only in conjunction with code-signed executable. If an App defines multiple tray icons then each icon must use a separate GUID.

Creates a new tray icon associated with the image.

Instanz-Ereignisse

Das Tray Modul sendet folgende Ereignisse aus:

Ereignis: 'click'

Kehrt zurück:

Wird beim Klicken des Tray Icons gesendet.

Note that on Linux this event is emitted when the tray icon receives an activation, which might not necessarily be left mouse click.

Ereignis: 'right-click' macOS Windows

Kehrt zurück:

Wird durch einen Rechts Klick auf das Tray Icon gesendet.

Ereignis: 'double-click' macOS Windows

Kehrt zurück:

Emitted when the tray icon is double clicked.

Event: 'balloon-show' Windows

Emitted when the tray balloon shows.

Event: 'balloon-click' Windows

Emitted when the tray balloon is clicked.

Event: 'balloon-closed' Windows

Emitted when the tray balloon is closed because of timeout or user manually closes it.

Event: 'drop' macOS

Emitted when any dragged items are dropped on the tray icon.

Event: 'drop-files' macOS

Kehrt zurück:

  • event Event
  • files string[] - The paths of the dropped files.

Emitted when dragged files are dropped in the tray icon.

Event: 'drop-text' macOS

Kehrt zurück:

  • event Event
  • text string - the dropped text string.

Emitted when dragged text is dropped in the tray icon.

Event: 'drag-enter' macOS

Emitted when a drag operation enters the tray icon.

Event: 'drag-leave' macOS

Emitted when a drag operation exits the tray icon.

Event: 'drag-end' macOS

Emitted when a drag operation ends on the tray or ends at another location.

Event: 'mouse-up' macOS

Kehrt zurück:

Emitted when the mouse is released from clicking the tray icon.

Note: This will not be emitted if you have set a context menu for your Tray using tray.setContextMenu, as a result of macOS-level constraints.

Event: 'mouse-down' macOS

Kehrt zurück:

Emitted when the mouse clicks the tray icon.

Event: 'mouse-enter' macOS

Kehrt zurück:

Emitted when the mouse enters the tray icon.

Event: 'mouse-leave' macOS

Kehrt zurück:

Emitted when the mouse exits the tray icon.

Event: 'mouse-move' macOS Windows

Kehrt zurück:

Emitted when the mouse moves in the tray icon.

Beispiel Methoden

The Tray class has the following methods:

tray.destroy()

Destroys the tray icon immediately.

tray.setImage(image)

Sets the image associated with this tray icon.

tray.setPressedImage(image) macOS

Sets the image associated with this tray icon when pressed on macOS.

tray.setToolTip(toolTip)

  • toolTip string

Legt den Hover-Text für dieses Tray-Symbol fest.

tray.setTitle(title[, options]) macOS

  • title string
  • options Object (optional)
    • fontType string (optional) - The font family variant to display, can be monospaced or monospacedDigit. monospaced is available in macOS 10.15+ and monospacedDigit is available in macOS 10.11+. When left blank, the title uses the default system font.

Legt den Titel fest, der neben dem Tray Icon in der Statusleiste angezeigt wird (Unterstütz ANSI-Farben).

tray.getTitle() macOS

Returns string - the title displayed next to the tray icon in the status bar

tray.setIgnoreDoubleClickEvents(ignore) macOS

  • ignore boolean

Sets the option to ignore double click events. Ignoring these events allows you to detect every individual click of the tray icon.

This value is set to false by default.

tray.getIgnoreDoubleClickEvents() macOS

Returns boolean - Whether double click events will be ignored.

tray.displayBalloon(options) Windows

  • options Objekt
    • icon (NativeImage | string) (optional) - Icon to use when iconType is custom.
    • iconType string (optional) - Can be none, info, warning, error or custom. Standard ist custom.
    • title string
    • content zeichenkette
    • largeIcon boolean (optional) - The large version of the icon should be used. Standard ist true. Maps to NIIF_LARGE_ICON.
    • noSound boolean (optional) - Do not play the associated sound. Standard ist false. Maps to NIIF_NOSOUND.
    • respectQuietTime boolean (optional) - Do not display the balloon notification if the current user is in "quiet time". Standard ist false. Maps to NIIF_RESPECT_QUIET_TIME.

Displays a tray balloon.

tray.removeBalloon() Windows

Removes a tray balloon.

tray.focus() Windows

Returns focus to the taskbar notification area. Notification area icons should use this message when they have completed their UI operation. For example, if the icon displays a shortcut menu, but the user presses ESC to cancel it, use tray.focus() to return focus to the notification area.

tray.popUpContextMenu([menu, position]) macOS Windows

  • menu Menü (optional)
  • position Punkt (optional) - Die Pop-up-Position.

Pops up the context menu of the tray icon. When menu is passed, the menu will be shown instead of the tray icon's context menu.

Die position ist nur unter Windows verfügbar und ist standardmäßig (0, 0).

tray.closeContextMenu() macOS Windows

Closes an open context menu, as set by tray.setContextMenu().

tray.setContextMenu(menu)

  • menu Menu | null

Legt das Kontextmenü für dieses Symbol fest.

tray.getBounds() macOS Windows

Returns Rectangle

The bounds of this tray icon as Object.

tray.isDestroyed()

Returns boolean - Whether the tray icon is destroyed.