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Issue HTTP/HTTPS requests using Chromium's native networking library

Prozess: Main, Utility

The net module is a client-side API for issuing HTTP(S) requests. It is similar to the HTTP and HTTPS modules of Node.js but uses Chromium's native networking library instead of the Node.js implementation, offering better support for web proxies. It also supports checking network status.

The following is a non-exhaustive list of why you may consider using the net module instead of the native Node.js modules:

  • Automatic management of system proxy configuration, support of the wpad protocol and proxy pac configuration files.
  • Automatic tunneling of HTTPS requests.
  • Support for authenticating proxies using basic, digest, NTLM, Kerberos or negotiate authentication schemes.
  • Support for traffic monitoring proxies: Fiddler-like proxies used for access control and monitoring.

The API components (including classes, methods, properties and event names) are similar to those used in Node.js.

Example usage:

const { app } = require('electron')
app.whenReady().then(() => {
const { net } = require('electron')
const request = net.request('https://github.com')
request.on('response', (response) => {
console.log(`STATUS: ${response.statusCode}`)
console.log(`HEADERS: ${JSON.stringify(response.headers)}`)
response.on('data', (chunk) => {
console.log(`BODY: ${chunk}`)
response.on('end', () => {
console.log('No more data in response.')

The net API can be used only after the application emits the ready event. Trying to use the module before the ready event will throw an error.


Das Modul net besitzt folgende Methoden:


Returns ClientRequest

Creates a ClientRequest instance using the provided options which are directly forwarded to the ClientRequest constructor. The net.request method would be used to issue both secure and insecure HTTP requests according to the specified protocol scheme in the options object.

net.fetch(input[, init])

Returns Promise<GlobalResponse> - see Response.

Sends a request, similarly to how fetch() works in the renderer, using Chrome's network stack. This differs from Node's fetch(), which uses Node.js's HTTP stack.


async function example () {
const response = await net.fetch('https://my.app')
if (response.ok) {
const body = await response.json()
// ... use the result.

This method will issue requests from the default session. To send a fetch request from another session, use ses.fetch().

See the MDN documentation for fetch() for more details.


  • net.fetch() does not support the data: or blob: schemes.
  • The value of the integrity option is ignored.
  • The .type and .url values of the returned Response object are incorrect.

By default, requests made with net.fetch can be made to custom protocols as well as file:, and will trigger webRequest handlers if present. When the non-standard bypassCustomProtocolHandlers option is set in RequestInit, custom protocol handlers will not be called for this request. This allows forwarding an intercepted request to the built-in handler. webRequest handlers will still be triggered when bypassing custom protocols.

protocol.handle('https', (req) => {
if (req.url === 'https://my-app.com') {
return new Response('<body>my app</body>')
} else {
return net.fetch(req, { bypassCustomProtocolHandlers: true })

Hinweis: Im -Utility-Prozess werden benutzerdefinierte Protokolle nicht unterstützt.


Returns boolean - Whether there is currently internet connection.

A return value of false is a pretty strong indicator that the user won't be able to connect to remote sites. However, a return value of true is inconclusive; even if some link is up, it is uncertain whether a particular connection attempt to a particular remote site will be successful.

net.resolveHost(host, [options])

  • host string - Hostname to resolve.
  • options Object (optional)
    • queryType string (optional) - Requested DNS query type. If unspecified, resolver will pick A or AAAA (or both) based on IPv4/IPv6 settings:
      • A - Fetch only A records
      • AAAA - Fetch only AAAA records.
    • source string (optional) - The source to use for resolved addresses. Default allows the resolver to pick an appropriate source. Only affects use of big external sources (e.g. calling the system for resolution or using DNS). Even if a source is specified, results can still come from cache, resolving "localhost" or IP literals, etc. Einer der folgenden Werte:
      • any (default) - Resolver will pick an appropriate source. Results could come from DNS, MulticastDNS, HOSTS file, etc
      • system - Results will only be retrieved from the system or OS, e.g. via the getaddrinfo() system call
      • dns - Results will only come from DNS queries
      • mdns - Results will only come from Multicast DNS queries
      • localOnly - No external sources will be used. Results will only come from fast local sources that are available no matter the source setting, e.g. cache, hosts file, IP literal resolution, etc.
    • cacheUsage string (optional) - Indicates what DNS cache entries, if any, can be used to provide a response. Einer der folgenden Werte:
      • allowed (default) - Results may come from the host cache if non-stale
      • staleAllowed - Results may come from the host cache even if stale (by expiration or network changes)
      • disallowed - Results will not come from the host cache.
    • secureDnsPolicy string (optional) - Controls the resolver's Secure DNS behavior for this request. Einer der folgenden Werte:
      • allow (default)
      • disable

Returns Promise<ResolvedHost> - Resolves with the resolved IP addresses for the host.

This method will resolve hosts from the default session. To resolve a host from another session, use ses.resolveHost().


net.online Readonly

Eine boolean Eigenschaft. Ob es derzeit eine Internetverbindung gibt.

A return value of false is a pretty strong indicator that the user won't be able to connect to remote sites. However, a return value of true is inconclusive; even if some link is up, it is uncertain whether a particular connection attempt to a particular remote site will be successful.